Thursday, June 30, 2011

Long-Term Implications of the 2012 Future Years Defense Program


JUNE 2011




In most years, the Department of Defense (DoD) provides a five- or six-year plan, called the Future Years Defense Program (FYDP), associated with the budget that it submits to the Congress. Because decisions made in the near term can have consequences for the defense budget well beyond that period, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) has examined the programs and plans contained in DoD’s FYDP and projected their budgetary impact in subsequent years. For this analysis, CBO used the FYDP provided to the Congress in April 2011, which covers fiscal years 2012 through 2016—the most recent plan available when this analysis was conducted. CBO’s projections span 2012 through 2030.


In most years, the Department of Defense (DoD) provides a five- or six-year plan, called the Future Years Defense Program (FYDP), associated with the budget that it submits to the Congress. Because decisions made in the near term can have consequences for the defense budget well beyond that period, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) has examined the programs and plans contained in DoD’s FYDP and projected their budgetary impact in subsequent years. For this analysis, CBO used the FYDP provided to the Congress in April 2011, which covers fiscal years 2012 to 2016. CBO’s projections span the years 2012 to 2030.


In February 2011, DoD requested an appropriation of $671 billion for 2012. Of that amount, $554 billion was to fund the “base” programs that constitute the department’s normal activities, such as the development and procurement of weapon systems and day-to-day operations of the military and civilian workforce. The remaining $118 billion was requested to pay for overseas contingency operations—the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq and other military activities elsewhere. CBO focused its analysis on the base budget because it reflects DoD’s future plans for manning, training, and equipping the military.
CBO has projected the costs of DoD’s plans for its base budget (reflected in the FYDP, along with other long-term plans released by the department) by using factors that are consistent with the department’s recent experience. CBO’s analysis yields these conclusions:
  • To execute its base-budget plans for the period covered by the 2012 FYDP, DoD would need appropriations totaling about $206 billion (or 8 percent) more over those five years than if funding was held at the 2011 level of $536 billion. Over the 10 years from 2012 to 2021, DoD would need a total of $597 billion (or 11 percent) more than if funding was held at the 2011 level.
  • DoD’s base budget would grow at a real (inflation-adjusted) average annual rate of 1.8 percent from 2012 to 2016 and by 0.5 percent from 2016 to 2030. At those rates, DoD’s base budget would rise from $554 billion in 2012 to $594 billion in 2016 and to $642 billion in 2030.
  • The primary cause of long-term growth in DoD’s budget from 2012 to 2030 would be rising costs for operation and support (O&S), which would account for nearly all of the increase. In particular, CBO projects significant increases in the costs for military and civilian compensation, military health care, and various operation and maintenance activities. O&S costs would grow steadily throughout the projection period, from $350 billion in 2012 to $459 billion in 2030, a growth rate of 1.5 percent per year.
  • That large contribution of operation and support costs to long-term budget growth is a change from the years before the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, when sharp growth in anticipated requirements to replace and modernize weapon systems (the so-called bow wave) was the primary factor underlying projected budget growth beyond the years covered by the FYDP. In CBO’s current projections, acquisition costs (the costs of developing and procuring weapon systems) would grow steadily from $189 billion in 2012 to a peak of $217 billion in 2019 (an increase of about 14 percent) before decreasing and leveling off—albeit with year-to-year variations—at an average of about $197 billion per year through 2030.


CBO compared its projection (referred to in this study as “the CBO projection”) with DoD’s estimate of the costs of the FYDP (for the 2012–2016 period) and with an “extension of the FYDP” (for the 2017–2030 period). The latter projection is based on DoD’s estimates of costs if they are available for years beyond 2016 (for some weapon systems, for instance) and on costs consistent with the broader U.S. economy if such estimates are not available (for pay and medical costs, for instance).
By DoD’s estimates, executing its plans for 2012 to 2016 would require real increases in funding of about 0.7 percent annually (excluding supplemental and emergency funding for overseas contingency operations). Over the five-year period, that growth rate would result in costs that were $142 billion (or 5 percent) greater than the amount of DoD’s budget if it was held at the 2011 level.
In most cost categories, the CBO projection is higher than the FYDP and the extension of the FYDP. For instance, health care costs for DoD have grown faster than they have in the broader economy, and the costs of developing and buying weapons have historically been, on average, 20 percent to 30 percent higher than DoD’s initial estimates. The CBO projection—which, starting with 2013, includes estimates of those costs that reflect historical trends—indicates how rapidly defense budgets would have to grow to execute DoD’s plans under the assumption that the department’s costs continue to grow as they have in the past.
CBO’s projection of the total cost of the FYDP through 2016—at $2,885 billion—is $64 billion (or about 2 percent) higher than the department’s estimate. Compared with the FYDP and the extension of the FYDP, annual costs under the CBO projection would be about $25 billion (or 4 percent) higher in 2016, at the end of the FYDP period; $31 billion (4 percent) higher at the end of 10 years; and about $29 billion (5 percent) higher by 2030, at the end of the projection period. Much of the difference derives from CBO’s judgment that recent trends in the costs of military health care, weapon systems, and other support activities are likely to persist. Although the costs of DoD’s base budget would increase under CBO’s projections, that increase would not be as rapid as CBO’s current estimates of the future growth of the economy, so costs would decline as a share of GDP. CBO’s projections should not be viewed as predictions of future defense spending; rather, they are estimates of the costs of executing DoD’s current plans. The degree to which the plans laid out by DoD are executed in the future will depend on the funding that will be provided in an era of increasing pressure on the federal budget as a whole and on the success of ongoing efforts to curb cost growth for such items as medical care and advanced weapon systems.

Reforms to Disposal of Military Equipment

HMAS Manoora.jpg

Minister for Defence Materiel Jason Clare today announced reforms to the disposal of military equipment.
The Australian Defence Force is about to undertake the biggest disposal of military equipment since World War II.
Over the next 15 years the Australian Defence Force will replace or upgrade up to 85 per cent of its equipment.
As part of that, over the next ten years Defence will dispose of:
·         up to 24 ships;
·         up to 70 combat aircraft;
·         up to 110 other aircraft;
·         up to 120 helicopters;
·         up to 600 armoured vehicles;
·         up to 12,000 other vehicles; and
·         a range of communications systems, weapons and explosive ordnance.
This represents 10 per cent of the current value of the entire Australian Government’s non-financial assets.
The disposal of military equipment provides an opportunity for Defence to generate revenue to be re-invested in new military equipment for Force 2030.
The British Government has generated ₤650 million (about $1 billion AUD) from their military equipment disposals since 1997.
Over the same period and with a similar number and type of assets, the disposal of Australian military equipment has cost around $20 million.
“That’s why I am reforming Australia’s system of military disposals – to reduce costs, generate potential revenue and provide opportunities for Defence industry involvement,” Mr Clare said.
Mr Clare said the first opportunity for the Australian Defence industry was the release of a Request for Proposal for the disposal of up to 24 Navy ships across the coming decade.
That includes HMAS Manoora, Adelaide Class frigates and Mine Hunters.
The Request for Proposal will be done in two parts:
  • HMAS Manoora – submissions will close on 15 September 2011; and
  • All other ships – submissions will close on 14 October 2011.  
The latter will provide the flexibility for companies to bid for all ships, a class of ships or a single ship.

Ideas could include, but are not limited to, dismantling the ships and recycling the parts and sale within Australia or overseas.
A plan to dispose of up to12,000 Army vehicles has also been approved. This includes Land Rovers, Unimog trucks and Mack trucks.
This will likely see the sale of vehicles to companies who will repair and upgrade the vehicle and then on-sell them.
The Request for Proposal for the vehicle disposals will be released in July.
“By disposing of this equipment in bulk, it will increase the amount of revenue Defence can raise and reinvest in new equipment,” Mr Clare said. 
“It also provides the scale which gives real opportunities for business.
“The money raised from the sale of these vehicles will be invested in Force 2030, with one option being into simulators used for training that will reduce the wear and tear on Army vehicles.”
Historically significant pieces of military equipment will still be made available to the Australian War Memorial, RSLs and other historical organisations for preservation.
For example, Mr Clare has directed that a number of these Army vehicles be offered exclusively to community or heritage organisations.
“One of the main goals of the disposals system is the preservation of our military history,” Mr Clare said.
“Flexibility will be maintained in the system to make sure that happens.”

Wednesday, June 29, 2011

Curtis Wilbur Conducts Live Fire Exercise

PACIFIC OCEAN (Aug. 9, 2010) The guided-missile destroyer USS Curtis Wilbur (DDG 54) transits through rough seas in the Pacific Ocean.

On June 29 USS Curtis Wilbur (DDG 54) conducted a live fire exercise, to test the readiness of it’s weapons systems.
The weapons test was a routine part of the ships summer patrol, the systems tested included the ship’s 5-inch gun and the ships 20mm close in weapons system (CIWS).
During the test, the ship fired five shells from its 5-inch gun, while the two CIWS mounts onboard each fired multiple bursts successfully.
“This test was important to make sure we can fire our guns if needed, and make the rounds land on target” Said Gunner’s Mate 1st Class Robert Jackson, “it was a big success, everything went off flawlessly.”
There was a lot more to the exercise than just pulling the trigger.  The crew spent the previous day prepping all of the necessary systems and loading live ammunition into the weapons.
“At the beginning of each deployment we have to spin the barrels and test the mount tracking before we put live ammo in the weapon,” said Fire Controlman 3rd Class Evelyn Ruiz (SW), one of the ships CIWS technicians.  “During todays shoot each mount successfully fired about 350 rounds.”
A great deal of coordination and planning went into the live fire to ensure the success of the exercise and the safety of those involved.
“This exercise required a lot of coordination between Sailors working in the mounts as well as in the combat information center on the bridge and even other ships, to make sure the range was clear and the timing was right,” said Lt. Anthony Massey, Curtis Wilbur’s weapons officer.  “The exercise proved successful we fired all the rounds we intended and they landed where we planed.”
With the ships weapons systems tested, and working up to standards the CURTIS WILBUR will continue on its summer patrol.
Curtis Wilbur is permanently forward deployed to Yokosuka Japan.  Curtis Wilbur is assigned to the George Washington Carrier task force, and is currently on summer patrol in the Western Pacific to promote security and stability in the region.

Big 'E' Pulls Into Palma After 75 Days Underway

A Sailor aboard the aircraft carrier USS Enterprise (CVN 65) stands watch as Enterprise transits the Suez Canal.
110624-N-WO496-001 SUEZ CANAL (June 24, 2011) A Sailor aboard the aircraft carrier USS Enterprise (CVN 65) stands watch as Enterprise transits the Suez Canal. Enterprise and Carrier Air Wing (CVW) 1 are conducting maritime security operations in the U.S. 5th Fleet area of responsibility. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Alex R. Forster/Released)

USS Enterprise (CVN 65) arrived in Palma de Mallorca, Spain, June 28 after sailing 75 days in support of maritime security operations in the U.S. 5th and 6th Fleet areas of responsibility (AOR).
This port visit will be the last liberty call for Enterprise crew members before the carrier begins the final stretch of its journey across the Atlantic Ocean to its homeport of Norfolk, Va.
"I think this is a great homecoming gift after all of the work we've done," said Logistics Specialist Seaman Anthony Watson, a member of Enterprise's supply department, who plans to try Spanish cuisine while in Palma, located on the island of Mallorca.
Enterprise Sailors are encouraged to take advantage of the beauty of Palma but to also remember the need to set a good example while exploring the famed Spanish vacation destination.
"This is a well-deserved break, and we plan to continue to represent our ship well," said Aviation Ordnanceman 1st Class (AW) Kalin G. Honda, the leading petty officer for ordnance work center for Enterprise's Aircraft Intermediate Maintenance Department.
Honda said the Sailors in his department have earned their time in port with their consistent work providing in-house repair support to keep Enterprise and Carrier Air Wing (CVW) 1's jets in the air while supporting Operations Enduring Freedom and New Dawn in the 5th Fleet AOR.
The carrier's Morale, Welfare and Recreation (MWR) division organized a variety of events that include wine tasting, kayaking, hiking, and other tours for crew members to discover the historic countryside of Palma.
Aviation Machinist's Mate (AW/SW) Aubrie N. Blair, the corrosion and control leading petty officer for Electronic Attack Squadron (VAQ) 137, said she plans to visit Mallorca's famous Lake Martel, the largest underground lake in the world along with the beautiful Coves Del Drach. She said she'd also like to see a pearl factory, as Mallorca artificial pearls are known for their quality. She even plans to take a trip to an amusement park.
"It's a chance to have fun and experience a new culture, plus I get a free lunch on one of the tours," said Blair. "It's great that I didn't have to search for any of these sites- I just had to go to MWR."
"To me, this is a tremendous opportunity," said Marine Cpt. Douglas Proctor, an F/A-18C Pilot with Marine Fighter Attack Squadron (VMFA) 251. "There are Marines and Sailors out in Afghanistan for 10 months, in combat, who face their deployment and then come straight home without a chance to see the rest of the world. It's great to be able to stop at a port and take in someplace new."
Proctor will have an additional joy waiting for him in Palma, as his wife is flying out to see him on the island.
Most aboard Enterprise will not have the opportunity to see friends and family until the aircraft pulls into Mayport, Fla., when the ship picks up its "Tigers," or family and friends who embark the ship for the transit home. Others will not see loved ones until Enterprise pulls into its homeport, Norfolk, Va. But until that time, Palma affords the Enterprise's crew members a chance to see a different part of the world.
"It's a great boost- the last thing to do before homecoming," said Watson. "I've never been to any part of Spain before, and Palma sounds like one of those places you just have to visit."

Enterprise and Carrier Air Wing 1 are in the U.S. 6th Fleet area of responsibility conducting maritime security operations. 

JF-17 Aircraft, F-22P Frigate great achievement of Pak-China cooperation

ISLAMABAD, June 28 (APP): A five-member Chinese Defence delegation led by Wang Yiren, Vice Administrator SASTIND, called on State Minister for Defence Production, Sardar Bahadur Khan Siher in his office on Tuesday on the occasion of Pak-China Defence Science, Technology and Industries annual meeting. Senior officials of the Defence Production Ministry were present.Sardar Bahadur expressed that both the countries enjoy time tested excellent relations and support each other’s stance on regional and international forums. The current level of cooperation in multi dimensional sectors can be expanded further. 
The Minister added that JF-17 Aircraft and F-22P Frigate are the great achievements of bilateral cooperation between the two countries, and a symbol of Pak-China strategic partnership. 
The Minister also assured the delegation about the security of Chinese engineers working in Pakistan, and said that it was the top priority of the government.
Mr. Wang reiterated the great importance that China attaches to its traditional relations with Pakistan. Earlier, the delegation also called on the Secretary Defence Production.

Rosoboronexport’s naval parade

Rosoboronexport is presenting over 70 models of naval equipment and armaments at the 5th International Maritime Defense Show (IMDS 2011) to be held in St. Petersburg since 29 June to 3 July 2011. During its existence, IMDS has entered the world’s top three naval exhibitions.
"It is important for us that potential customers not only can be acquainted with virtually the full range of our export models, but also see some of them "alive" at the quay wall. Plus firings at the Rzhevka test ground. Naturally, such a variety of Russian military equipment is not available at foreign exhibitions. We also cannot but rejoice that the number of participants and foreign delegations is increasing. Interest in the products from the domestic shipbuilding industry is growing. This is a fact,” - said Oleg Azizov, head of Rosoboronexport’s delegation at the exhibition and Chief of Navy Special Equipment and Services Export Department.
IMDS 2011 will surpass the previous edition held two years ago already in numbers. More than 400 companies from 29 countries worldwide will show their products here. It is expected that 45 delegations from 39 countries will visit the show.
Over 40 ships, boats and seaplanes from Russia’s Navy, Border Guard Service and exhibitors will be presented at the berths of the Marine Terminal and in the water area. Among them are the Project 20380 corvettes Soobrazitelny and Steregushchy (export version - Project 20382 Tigr), Project 11540 frigate Yaroslav Mudry, Project 677 submarine Saint Petersburg (export version - Amur-1650), etc. Three foreign ships will attend the show – the US Navy frigate Carr (FFG52), German Navy frigate Hamburg (F220) and Dutch Navy frigate Van Amstel (F831).
Experts have actively spoken about increasing competition on the international arms market during the past few years. Many countries are seeking to develop its own shipbuilding industry, so Rosoboronexport, as the sole state intermediary, has to pursue a more flexible and aggressive marketing policy. Today, the main customers of Russian naval equipment and armaments are Algeria, Venezuela, Vietnam, China and India. In addition to further strengthening ties with its traditional customers, Rosoboronexport is persistently looking for the opportunities to enter new markets.
The capabilities of the Russian defense industry capable of building all classes of ships, a wide range of weapons and equipment are certainly a factor. Some potential buyers are seeking to implement large-scale naval doctrines, while others are addressing their Coast Guard issues. In each case, Rosoboronexport strives to meet all the requirements of the importing country.
"Today we are observing increased demand for corvettes, patrol and missile boats. Most of the countries are seeking primarily to reliably protect their national interests in the exclusive economic zone. Our task as a state intermediary is to offer partners projects best suited to their needs. As the practice of recent years suggests, we can do this well," - said Oleg Azizov.
At IMDS 2011, Rosoboronexport is presenting the following models:
Submarines: Project 677E Amur-1650, Project 636 Kilo-class diesel-electric submarines, small and midget boats.
Surface ships: Project 11356 and Gepard 3.9 frigates, Project 20380 Tigr corvette, Project 21633 Tornado small missile (artillery) ship, Project 12418 Molniya missile boat, Project 10412 Svetlyak guard boat, Mirazh, Sobol and Mangust patrol boats, Zubr air-cushion landing craft, Murena-E air-cushion landing boat, etc.
Armament: Kalibr-PLE and Kalibr-NKE integrated missile systems, the shipborne missile system with the Yakhont anti-ship missile, Uran-E shipborne missile system, Bastion and Bal-E coastal missile systems, Kashtan-M shipborne SAM system, 30mm AK-630M-2 Duet naval twin Gatling gun mount, Paket-E/NK ASW system with anti-torpedo etc.
Coastal zone surveillance equipment: Podsolnukh-E OTH surface-wave radar, Mys-M1E and 10M1E coastal target locators, Komor, Komor-1 and Amga submarine detection systems, etc.
Training aids like the Laguna integrated surface ship crew training simulator are becoming increasingly popular. It best suits the modern approach to personnel training.
In addition to deliveries of finished products, Rosoboronexport is interested in joint research studies, designing warships and naval combat systems. Russian specialists are ready to provide consulting services, upgrade in-service equipment. Our design offices and enterprises can design and manufacture naval equipment and build infrastructure facilities on a turnkey basis in accordance with customer requirements. Project 11356 frigates built for India's Navy are a good example of such cooperation. They carry the jointly developed BrahMos missiles. This demonstrates the ample opportunities and Rosoboronexport’s desire to develop closer relationships with its partners, including leading foreign developers of naval equipment.
"It's no secret that under current conditions it is already impossible to be number 1 in everything. Therefore, Rosoboronexport is actively cooperating with major European manufacturers on a number of joint R&D projects, particularly in the area of hydrodynamic and underwater acoustics studies, joint ship design and use of advanced systems on Russian-built ships. This helps domestic companies achieve a new technological and scientific level, as well as best meet the customers’ needs"- noted Oleg Azizov.
Rosoboronexport’s specialists expect increased attention to the following models:
Amur-1650 new generation submarines belong to promising export models, which should strengthen Russia's position in the diesel-electric submarine market. The principal feature of this submarine is the capability of launching missile strikes against underwater, surface and ground targets. Its main attack weapon is the Club-S advanced integrated missile system. In addition, the boat carries a rocket-torpedo complex that includes six 533mm torpedo tubes (the ammunition load is 18 torpedoes and rockets).
The Amur-1650 is equipped with modern underwater and above water situational awareness sensors, communication and control systems, and EW equipment. Its sonar system is far superior to the previous models. Control of the submarine, weapons and equipment is automated and carried out from operator consoles in the main control room.
The Amur-1650 can accomplish missions in all regions of the oceans, in any weather, in shallow and deep waters. Effective ventilation and air conditioning systems are designed to operate in tropical regions and provide comfortable climate in crew quarters in all modes of navigation.
Gepard 3.9 frigate
Gepard 3.9 frigate
Gepard 3.9 frigate. It is currently in service with the Russian and Vietnamese Navies. The frigate is equipped with a new-generation combined gas turbine power plant and can move at up to 28 knots. Owing to its combat and operational capabilities, the ship can remain at sea for long time, control vast sea areas and operate under any climatic conditions. The Gepard-3.9 has been designed in accordance with the Russian Navy’s survivability requirements for actions in any combat situation. The ship has embodied stealth technology to minimize its signature.
To accomplish strike missions, the ship is equipped with the Uran-E anti-ship missile system. Its air defenses include the Palma missile/gun system with two 30mm rapid-fire autocannons and the Sosna-R guided missile. The 76.2mm AK-176M gun mount can destroy surface, coastal and air targets. For antisubmarine warfare, the ship is equipped with two twin 533mm torpedo tubes and rocket-assisted ASW system. All the armaments can be employed at sea state up to 5. For strike and ASW missions, the ship can accommodate a helicopter.
Tornado small missile (artillery) ship. The ship has been designed in three versions (missile, artillery, patrol) sharing a common platform and is ideally suited to perform patrol and coast defense missions in the littoral zone. Its counterpart, the Project 21630 ship Astrakhan, became operational with the Russian Navy in 2006 and has proved effective, including in storm conditions.
Due to its shallow draft (up to 2 meters), the ship can perform missions in shallow waters, in river mouths, particularly deliver troops directly to the beach. At the same time, its design features enable safe navigation in stormy conditions (at sea state up to 6) and use of weapons at sea state up to 4. Its water jets ensure speeds of up to 25 knots under any conditions, provide high maneuverability and controllability, reduce noise and running vibration, and are not prone to damage in shallow waters.
Project 12418 Molniya missile boat is another unique warship. In terms of armament mix, it is unrivalled in the world. It should be noted that it was the USSR where the world's first ship of this class was developed in 1957. And precisely Russian designers are leading the world in the development of missile boats. With its relatively small displacement, the Molniya is armed with 16 Uran-E missiles with a range of 130 km. In addition to the strike missile weapons, the boats carry a SAM system and automatic gun mounts.
In firepower, many larger ships cannot match this version of the Molniya. Its high combat efficiency has been successfully proved by firings, exercises at sea and operating experience in Russia and abroad.
"Our objective at IMDS is to demonstrate the capabilities of the Russian shipbuilding industry to foreign partners as fully as possible. Especially, the country's leadership has paid great attention to the industry in recent years. Quite tangible results have already been achieved in some areas, - said Oleg Azizov. - Russia has a powerful potential, which will surely interest our new partners, including in Latin America and several countries in the Asia-Pacific region".

Tuesday, June 28, 2011

Statement of the American Maritime Partnership Regarding the Administration's Decision to Prioritize Foreign Workers over American Workers and Waive the Coastwise Laws for Transportation of Petroleum from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve

Washington June 23, 2011 - "We are dumbfounded by President Obama's decision to disregard the American maritime industry, which has sufficient capacity to complete this work. At a time when a record number of Americans are unemployed, it is disappointing that the Administration has chosen to prioritize foreign workers when our nation's workers are perfectly able and willing to do the job."
American Maritime Partnership ("AMP") is the voice of the U.S. domestic maritime industry, a pillar of our nation's economic, national, and homeland security. More than 40,000 American vessels, built in American shipyards, crewed by American mariners, and owned by American companies, ply our waters 24/7, and this commerce sustains nearly 500,000 jobs, $29 billion in labor compensation, and more than $100 billion in annual economic output according to a study by PricewaterhouseCoopers for the Transportation Institute. So efficient are these vessels that they carry a quarter of the nation's cargo for only 2 percent of the national freight bill, and being American-owned, -built, and -crewed helps make America more secure.

KONGSBERG contract for new Passive Sonar Processing Systems to Dutch Submarines

File:HNLMS Dolfijn (1993).jpg
KONGSBERG has signed a contract for supply of new Passive Sonar Processing Systems (PSPS) as part of the Sonar Suite Modification Project for the four Walrus class submarines of the Dutch Navy.
The contract was made between the Dutch Defence Materiel Organisation (DMO) and KONGSBERG, represented by the Naval Systems & Surveillance division.
The Passive Sonar Processing System (PSPS) is integrating hydrophone data from all the passive sonars aboard into one processing system. This PSPS integration technology has proven to produce more accurate target solutions in shorter time by utilizing the full potential of the sonar suite, and giving the sonar operators flexibility to use passive sonar data from any combination of sonars to solve their tasks. The PSPS to be delivered will take full advantage of the Sonar System Upgrade solutions that have been developed and are in production for the Norwegian Ula class submarines.
“KONGSBERG has for more than 40 years developed and supplied submarine systems to Norwegian, German and Italian submarines. This contract for the Sonar Suite Modification Project to the Dutch Walrus class submarines was won in open international competition and again demonstrated KONGSBERG’s capability to meet Customer’s requirements in a flexible and cost effective way in a demanding submarine upgrade market. There exist in the world market a large number of submarines in need of a mid-life, or life extension, update. In this context this is yet another important reference contract for KONGSBERG that will further strengthen our position as supplier of integrated submarine systems”, says Executive Vice President Nils-Oddvar Hagen in Kongsberg Defence Systems.

SNMG2 surge operations in Eastern Mediterranean


SNMG2 surge operations in Eastern MediterraneanNAPLES, Italy – The Standing NATO Maritime Group 2 has begun surge operations in the Eastern Mediterranean as part of Operation Active Endeavour.

SNMG2 flagship Turkish frigate TCG Orucreis and Greek frigate HS Kanaris recently finished their first work up for operations and are now working intensely in deterrent surge operations for a two-week period.

Unpredictable deterrent surge operations were foreseen by the revised OAE Operational Plan of January 2010 which directed that the overall approach to OAE would become less platform-based and increasingly network-based.

“This is a very interesting moment in what has been almost a decade of OAE,” according to Vice Adm. Rinaldo Veri, commander of Maritime Command Naples the headquarters running the operation. “There is massive focus on the maritime operations taking place in support of the security council resolutions regarding Libya. However Operation Active Endeavour has not stopped.

Indeed due to Libya-related operations there is a large area of the Mediterranean saturate with assets and surveillance which, although not strictly part of the anti-terrorist mission, can act in associated support of OAE and clearly acts to diminish any ability terrorists have to maneuver in the maritime environment.”

The SNMG2 deterrent surge follows another surge recently carried out by the Standing NATO Mine Countermeasures Group 1 in the Western Mediterranean.

Operation Active Endeavour is part of NATO’s multifaceted response to the terrorist threat.

Its mission is to conduct maritime operations in the assigned area of operations to demonstrate NATO's resolve to help deter, defend, disrupt and protect against terrorism. As the alliance has refined its counterterrorism role in the intervening years, the operation’s mandate has been regularly reviewed and its remit extended.

OAE’s achievements through targeted maritime operations are highly impressive and constitute a significant deterrent to terrorist activity in the Mediterranean Sea. The operation not only demonstrates NATO’s resolve but is also a vivid example of the added, essential value that NATO can bring to the complex, global fight against terrorism. The contribution/collaboration/co-operation with partners and Mediterranean dialogue countries substantially improves the overall effectiveness of OAE. 

Monday, June 27, 2011

USS Port Royal Deploys to Western Pacific, Middle East

PEARL HARBOR (June 24, 2011) The Ticonderoga-class guided-missile cruiser USS Port Royal (CG 73) passes by the Waianae Mountains as the ship departs Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam for a scheduled deployment in the western Pacific region.
USS Port Royal departed Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam for a scheduled seven-month deployment, June 24.
During the deployment, Port Royal will conduct ballistic missile defense operations, maritime interdiction operations and theater security cooperation in the U.S. 5th and 7th Fleet areas of responsibility.
"This crew has prepared well and is excited about deployment," said Capt. Eric F. Weilenman, Port Royal commanding officer. "We are looking forward to executing tasking whenever and wherever it occurs."
Sailors aboard Port Royal expressed their anticipation about the upcoming missions that lie ahead and the value of being forward deployed.
"I am excited for the chance to see different parts of the world during our port visits," said Culinary Specialist Seaman T.J. Fernandez.
"We've worked hard and we're ready to get out there and make a difference," added Sonar Technician (Surface) 1st Class Emanuel Bolton.
Friends and families lined the pier to say goodbye as the ship departed the pier en route to the Pacific Ocean.
Port Royal helps provide deterrence, promotes peace and security, preserves freedom of the seas and humanitarian/disaster response within U.S. 3rd Fleet's 50-million square mile area of responsibility in the eastern Pacific, as well as supporting the Navy's Maritime Strategy when forward deployed in support of geographical combatant commander objectives.
U.S. Navy guided-missile cruisers perform primarily in a battle force role. These ships have multi-mission capability, including air warfare, undersea warfare, naval surface fire support and surface warfare, surface combatants capable of supporting carrier strike groups, amphibious forces or of operating independently and as flagships of surface action groups. Cruisers are equipped with Tomahawk cruise missiles giving them additional long range strike warfare capability.

Double award success for BMT at Seawork 2011

BMT Nigel Gee Ltd, a subsidiary of BMT Group Ltd, the leading international maritime design, engineering and risk management consultancy, has enjoyed double success at the 2011 Seawork International Innovations Showcase. The Turbine Access System (TAS), developed in conjunction with marine engineers Houlder, has won both the Marine Renewables Category and overall Spirit of Innovation award. The lightweight motion compensated gangway provides safe and reliable access from workboats onto turbine structures.

The TAS enhances safety as well as increasing wave height capability, by utilising a damped roller system whichallows the vessel a degree of vertical movement at the foundation and executes crew transfer via a lightweight, motion compensated gangway. In contrast to other motion compensated systems currently on the market, the TAS does not require dynamic positioning (DP) and neither the TAS nor the vessel is connected to the turbine.

Ed Dudson, Technical Director of BMT Nigel Gee Ltd, says: "I'm delighted that our joint development with Houlder Ltd and its innovative qualities have been formally recognised at a prestigious show like Seawork. Safety is a number one priority for windfarm operators and the TAS allows for the transfer to take place with increased safety even in rougher seas, which enables access in extended weather windows. This double award success reinforces our commitment to providing bespoke designs to the offshore wind market which includes a wide range of turbine support vessels."

The TAS will prominently feature on the BMT stand at RenewableUK Offshore Wind exhibition in Liverpool which starts on the 29th June with Houlder expecting to have a demonstrator model available this autumn.
 Turbine Access System Turbine Access System
Turbine Access System

Thursday, June 23, 2011

Two Men Charged in Plot to Attack Seattle Military Processing Center

Defendants Sought Firearms and Grenades to Attack Complex Where Enlistees Report
SEATTLE – Two men were arrested late last night and are charged by criminal complaint with terrorism and firearms related charges.   The complaint alleges that Abu Khalid Abdul-Latif, aka Joseph Anthony Davis, 33, of Seattle, and Walli Mujahidh, aka Frederick Domingue, Jr., 32, of Los Angeles, took possession of machine guns that they purchased and planned to use in an attack on the Military Entrance Processing Station (MEPS) located on East Marginal Way, Seattle.  

Law enforcement has been monitoring Abdul-Latif and Mujahidh, including the weapons transaction, to prevent the attack and protect the public.   Unbeknownst to the defendants, the weapons were rendered inoperable and posed no risk to the public.   The defendants initially planned an attack on Joint Base Lewis-McChord in Washington State, but later changed targets.  The defendants intended to carry out their attack with both grenades and machine guns.

“The complaint alleges these men intended to carry out a deadly attack against our military where they should be most safe, here at home,” said U.S. Attorney Jenny A. Durkan. “This is a sobering reminder of our need to be vigilant and that our first line of defense is the people who live in our community. We were able to disrupt the plot because someone stepped forward and reported it to authorities. I commend the joint efforts of the FBI, the Seattle Police Department, and the Joint Terrorism Task Force who quickly recognized the seriousness of the threat and ensured the safety of the community.”

Law enforcement first became aware of the potential threat when a citizen alerted them that he/she had been approached about participating in the attack and supplying firearms to the conspirators.   The person then agreed to work with law enforcement, which began monitoring Abdul-Latif and Mujahidh.   Since early June the conspirators were captured on audio and videotape discussing a violent assault on the Military Entrance Processing Station.   The MEPS is where each branch of the military screens and processes enlistees.   In addition to housing many civilian and military employees, the building houses a federal daycare center.     

“Driven by a violent, extreme ideology, these two young Americans are charged with plotting to murder men and women who were enlisting in the Armed Forces to serve and protect our country.   This is one of a number of recent plots targeting our military here at home, ” said Todd Hinnen, Acting Assistant Attorney General for National Security.   “The threat was averted by the combined efforts of the federal, state and local law enforcement officers that make up the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Force.”

“The FBI remains committed to utilizing intelligence-based investigations to thwart would-be terrorists,” said Laura Laughlin, Special Agent in Charge of the FBI Seattle Division. “This case epitomizes the value and capabilities of the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Force concept as a means of preventing acts of terrorism.  But for the courage of the cooperating witness, and the efforts of multiple agencies working long and intense hours, the subjects might have been able to carry out their brutal plan.”

“This attack was foiled because of the trust and relationships the men and women of the Seattle Police Department enjoy with our community,” said Seattle Police Chief John Diaz. “The complainant felt safe approaching a Seattle Police Detective and, in doing so, ended the plot intended to take innocent lives. This cooperative investigation involving local, state, and federal partners worked exactly as intended.”

Abdul-Latif and Mujahidh are charged by complaint with conspiracy to murder officers and employees of the United States, conspiracy to use a weapon of mass destruction (grenades), and possession of firearms in furtherance of crimes of violence.   Abdul-Latif is also charged with two counts of illegal possession of firearms  The defendants will make their initial appearance on the complaint at 2:30 p.m. in front of Magistrate Judge Mary Alice Theiler, on the 12th floor of the federal courthouse at 700 Stewart Street, Seattle.

Both Abdul-Latif and Mujahidh face potential sentences of life in prison if convicted of the charges.

The case is being prosecuted by the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Western District of Washington, with assistance from the Counterterrorism Section of the Justice Department’s National Security Division.   The investigation is being conducted by the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Force, which has investigators from federal, state and local law enforcement.   The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms & Explosives contributed significant expertise to this investigation.

The charges contained in the complaint are only allegations.   A person is presumed innocent unless and until he or she is proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt in a court of law.

Glenn Curtiss Museum Invites All Americans to Celebrate the Centennial of Naval Aviation on July 2

Father of Aviation
The Glenn Curtiss Museum will celebrate the Centennial of Naval Aviation on July 2, the 100-year anniversary of the U.S. Navy's purchase of its first airplane, an A-1 Triad Seaplane designed and manufactured by Glenn Hammond Curtiss in Hammondsport, NY. The Museum will display its exact replica of the A-1 at Champlin Beach in Hammondsport from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m on Saturday, July 2 and will fly the plane at 1 p.m., weather permitting.

The Glenn Curtiss Museum will celebrate the Centennial of Naval Aviation with a free event for the public at Champlin Beach on Saturday, July 2. The Museum’s exact replica of the Navy’s first aircraft, the A-1 Triad seaplane, will be on display from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Weather permitting, the plane will be flown around 1 p.m. by pilot Rob Kinyoun of Bluff Point. Historical handouts will be available to visitors throughout the day.
Captain Richard Dann, executive director of the United States Navy Centennial of Aviation, will arrive at 1 p.m. to greet visitors and provide photo opportunities. Captain Dann has been the driving force behind a series of Centennial events around the country throughout 2011. An aviator, flight test engineer and author, Captain Dann brings to the event tremendous knowledge of the importance of Glenn Curtiss’s contributions and the history of the Naval Aviation program.
According to Museum Executive Director Trafford Doherty, “Visitors will see the A-1 in almost the exact location where Hammondsport native Glenn Curtiss handed over the Navy’s first plane on July 2, 1911. The sophisticated fighter jets and aircraft carriers that help protect our country’s freedom today trace their roots back to Hammondsport 100 years ago. We hope everyone will stop by to share this celebration of a milestone in local history and aviation history.”
About Glenn Curtiss
Of all the famous aviation pioneers who have been honored for their dedication to the dream of manned flight and their genius for making that dream come true, few can match the creativity and determination of Glenn Hammond Curtiss.
Curtiss became interested in aviation when he began to make gasoline engines for aeronautical experimentation in the early 1900’s. Working with Alexander Graham Bell and others, he built the June Bug with which he made the first pre-announced public flight of an airplane in the US on July 4, 1908. In 1909 Curtiss won the Rheims air race in France and in 1910 he made the first inter-city flight from Albany, NY, to New York City.
Curtiss’s much-publicized Albany to New York flight established the aeroplane as having some practical value. It was even suggested that it might have a wartime use. Some months later, Curtiss gave the first demonstration of aerial bombing to Army and Navy representatives at Keuka Lake. In addition to making the aeroplane a practical reality, he pioneered in the design of seaplanes and flying boats. His interest in water-flying led to an association with the U.S. Navy that was to form a basis for Naval aviation as we know it today. Naval seaplane, flying boat, and aircraft carrier operations are all a direct result of Curtiss's influence. A final high point in Curtiss's aviation career came in 1919, when the U.S. Navy Curtiss NC-4 Flying Boat became the first aircraft to successfully cross the Atlantic Ocean.
For more information about the accomplishments of Glenn Curtiss, visit
The Glenn H. Curtiss Museum, which is located in the scenic Finger Lakes Region of New York State, celebrates the life and accomplishments of Glenn Curtiss, who is remembered as the father of naval aviation and the founder of the American aircraft industry. The museum is home to a priceless collection relating to early aviation, bicycle and motorcycle transportation and local history. For more information, visit the museum website at

An Analysis of the Navy's Fiscal Year 2012 Shipbuilding Plan

If you use drones you must confirm and report who they killed, says legal team

GENEVA 23 JUNE 2011. International lawyers have identified an existing but previously unacknowledged requirement in law for those who use or authorise the use of drone strikes to record and announce who has been killed and injured in each attack.

A new report, 'Drone Attacks, International Law, and the Recording of Civilian Casualties of Armed Conflict', is published on 23 June 2011 by London-based think tank Oxford Research Group (ORG).

Speaking at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy, Dr Susan Breau, the report's lead author and Professor of International Law at Flinders University, said:

"It is high time to implement a global casualty recording mechanism which includes civilians so that finally every casualty of every conflict is identified. The law requires it, and drones provide no exemption from that requirement."

  • There is a legal requirement to identify all casualties that result from any drone use, under any and all circumstances.
  • The universal human right which specifies that no-one be "arbitrarily" deprived of his or her life depends upon the identity of the deceased being established, as do reparations or compensation for possible wrongful killing, injury and other offences.
  • The responsibility to properly record casualties is a requirement that extends to states who authorise or agree the use of drones, as well as those who launch and control them, but the legal (as well as moral) duty falls most heavily on the latter.
  • There is a legal requirement to bury the dead according to the rites of the religion to which they belonged, and this may not be in mass or unmarked graves. The site of burial must be recorded, particularly in the event that further investigation is required.
  • A particular characteristic of drone attacks is that efforts to disinter and identify the remains of the deceased may be daunting, as with any high explosive attacks on persons. However, this difficulty in no way absolves parties such as those above from their responsibility to identify all the casualties of drone attacks.
  • Another characteristic of drone attacks is that as isolated strikes, rather than part of raging battles, there is no need to delay until the cessation of hostilities before taking measures to search for, collect and evacuate the dead.


The report also provides a set of specific recommendations addressing the current situation in Pakistan and Yemen, where the issue of drone strikes by the United States and the recording of their casualties is of real and practical urgency. According to the report, while legal duties fall upon all the parties mentioned, it is the United States (as the launcher and controller of drones) which has least justification to shirk its responsibilities.

The implications of these findings go well beyond the particularities of these weapons, these countries, and these specific uses. The legal obligations enshrined as they are in international humanitarian law, international human rights law, and domestic law, are binding on all parties at all times in relation to any form of violent killing or injury by any party.

Elaborating on the report's implications, Dr Breau said:

"States, individually and collectively, need to plan how to work towards conformance with these substantial bodies of law. Members of civil society, particularly those that seek the welfare of the victims of conflict, have a new opportunity to press states towards fulfilling their obligations under law.

"This is not asking for the impossible. The killing of Osama Bin Laden suggests the lengths to which states will go to confirm their targets when they believe this to be in their own interest. Had the political stakes in avoiding mistaken or disputed identity not been so high, Bin Laden (and whoever else was in his home) would almost certainly have been typical candidates for a drone attack."

Commenting on the report, Paul Rogers, ORG's Consultant on Global Security and Professor at Bradford University Peace Studies Department, said:

"Armed drones are fast becoming the weapons of choice by the United States and its allies in South Asia and the Middle East, yet their use raises major questions about legality which have been very largely ignored. A key and salutary finding of this report is that drone users cannot escape a legal responsibility to expose the human consequences of their attacks. This hugely important and detailed analysis addresses some of the most significant issues involved and deserves the widest coverage, not least in military, legal and political circles."

The report will be available for downloading directly from the ORG website from Thursday 3pm BST onwards from this URL:

The legal imperative to record casualties was first analysed by Dr Susan Breau and Rachel Joyce in their 'Discussion Paper: The Legal Obligation to Record Civilian Casualties of Armed Conflict'.

Members of International Procurement Network Indicted for Supplying Iran with U.S. Military Aircraft Components

Total of 12 Defendants in U.S., France, U.A.E. and Iran Charged
MACON, Ga. – Seven individuals and five corporate entities based in the United States, France, the United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.) and Iran have been indicted in the Middle District of Georgia for their alleged roles in a conspiracy to illegally export military components for fighter jets and attack helicopters from the United States to Iran.   One of the defendants and his company were sentenced yesterday, with the individual receiving nearly five years in prison. Another defendant and his company have admitted their illegal conduct and also pleaded guilty in the investigation.

Federal prosecutors today unsealed a superseding indictment in Macon, Ga., charging eight of the defendants with conspiring to violate and violating the Arms Export Control Act (AECA), the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (IEEPA) and the Iranian Transactions Regulations, as well as conspiracy to defraud the United States, money laundering and false statement violations.   Charges against the four other defendants, who have pleaded guilty in the case, are contained in the original indictment in the investigation that was filed previously.

The indictment and other enforcement actions were announced by Todd Hinnen, Acting Assistant Attorney General for National Security; Michael J. Moore, U.S. Attorney for the Middle District of Georgia; Brock Nicholson, Special Agent-in-Charge of the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Homeland Security Investigations (ICE-HSI) office in Atlanta; Brian D. Lamkin, Special Agent-in-Charge of the FBI’s Atlanta Field Division; and Robert Luzzi, Special Agent-in-Charge of the Commerce Department, Office of Export Enforcement (OEE) Miami Field Office.

The Defendants

Thus far, four defendants based in the United States have been charged as part of the investigation.   They are The Parts Guys LLC, a company in Port Orange, Fla., that maintains a warehouse at the Middle Georgia Municipal Airport in Macon, as well as the president of The Parts Guys, Michael Edward Todd, who is a U.S. national.  In addition, Galaxy Aviation Services, a company in St. Charles, Ill., and its president, Hamid Seifi, also known as Hank Seifi, an Iranian-born U.S. national, have been charged.  

Todd was arrested last year in Atlanta based on the original indictment in the case.  Todd and his company, The Parts Guys, pleaded guilty to conspiracy to violate the AECA on May 9, 2011, and have yet to be sentenced.   Federal agents arrested Seifi in Atlanta earlier this year, also based on the original indictment.   Seifi and his company, Galaxy Aviation, pleaded guilty on Feb. 24, 2011, to conspiracy to violate the AECA and violating the IEEPA.   Yesterday, Seifi was sentenced to 56 months in prison followed by three years of supervised release, a fine of $12,500 and forfeiture of $153,950, while Galaxy Aviation, which is now defunct, received a $400 special assessment.   

Three defendants based in France have also been indicted as part of the investigation.   They are Aerotechnic, a company in Pinsaguel, France, and its president, Philippe Sanchez, a French national, as well as Luc Teuly, a French national and the sales manager of Aerotechnic.   Each of these defendants remains a fugitive.

Two defendants based in the U.A.E. have also been indicted in the case.  They are Aletra General Trading, a company in Dubai doing business as “Erman & Sultan Trading Co,” and Syed Amir Ahmed Najfi, an Iranian national and purchaser for Aletra.   Najfi remains a fugitive.  

Three defendants based in Iran have also been charged in the case. They are Sabanican Company, a company in Tehran, and its president, Hassan Seifi, an Iranian national, as well as Reza Seifi, an Iranian national and the managing director of Sabanican Company.   Each of these defendants remains at large.

As part of the U.S. government’s coordinated action against this procurement network, the Commerce Department announced today that it will add the eight defendants in France, Iran and the U.A.E. to its “Entity List.”   The Entity List provides notice to the public that certain exports, re-exports and transfers (in-country) to parties identified on the Entity List require a license from the Commerce Department, and that availability of license exceptions in such transactions is limited.   All eight parties will be added to the Entity List with a licensing requirement for all items subject to the Commerce Department export regulations and with a presumption of denial.

The Charges

According to the charges, the defendants conspired to export components for attack helicopters and fighter jets to Iran without obtaining the required U.S. export licenses.   These components included military parts for the Bell AH-1 attack helicopter, the UH-1 Huey attack helicopter, as well as the F-5 and F-4 fighter jets.
Defendant Najfi and his firm in the U.A.E. are alleged to have placed orders and purchased military aircraft parts, including those for the Bell AH-1 attack helicopter, from Todd and his company, The Parts Guys, in the United States.   Todd and other conspirators then attempted to and did cause the export of the aircraft parts to the U.A.E.   

Defendant Hank Seifi and his firm in Illinois also allegedly placed orders and purchased U.S. aircraft parts from Todd and his company in Georgia -- on behalf of Hassan Seifi, Reza Seifi and their company in Iran.   According to the charges, Todd and other conspirators then caused these aircraft parts to be exported to Iran via the defendants in France: Sanchez, Teuly and their company, Aerotechnic.

The charge of conspiracy carries a maximum penalty of five years in prison, while violating the AECA carries a maximum penalty of 20 years in prison, and violating IEEPA carries a maximum penalty of 20 years in prison.   Money laundering carries a maximum 20 years in prison, while making false statements carries a maximum of five years in prison.

“The defendants in this case are alleged to have conspired to defraud the United States by illegally acquiring and exporting fighter jet and attack helicopter components.   Keeping such advanced weaponry, which is designed to protect the men and women of our Armed Forces and to defend our national interests, from falling into the hands of state sponsors of terror has never been more important,” said Todd Hinnen, Acting Assistant Attorney General for National Security.

“Through coordinated law enforcement efforts, we have cut off more than a branch of this illegal supply tree; we have cut off the tree at its trunk.  These parts have a military purpose, and I am determined to see that they are not used to harm the United States, its soldiers, citizens or friends.  This type of criminal activity should remind each of us that we must be ever vigilant in our efforts to protect our national security.  The threat is very real, and comes from even the least suspected places, including middle Georgia,” said U.S. Attorney Michael Moore.

“The illegal export of U.S. weapons and military technology presents a direct threat to our national security,” said Brock Nicholson, Special Agent-in-Charge of ICE-HSI in Atlanta. “This investigation demonstrates the importance of preventing our military equipment from falling into the wrong hands, where it could potentially be used against our military members, our homeland and our allies.  Enforcing U.S. export laws is one of our top priorities, and we will continue working with our law enforcement partners to ensure that those who put our country at risk are discovered and brought forward for prosecution.”

Brian D. Lamkin, Special Agent-in-Charge, FBI Atlanta, stated: “The cooperative efforts among the FBI, ICE and U.S. Commerce was critical in bringing this case forward for prosecution by the U.S. Department of Justice.   The enforcement of U.S. laws that prohibit the acquisition of specified defense related items is paramount to national security and is a daunting task when back dropped against the vast movement of legitimate international trade that occurs every day in the U.S.   The FBI is pleased with the role that it has played in this multi-agency enforcement effort.”

“ The Commerce Department's Office of Export Enforcement (OEE) dedicates one hundred percent of its resources to enforcing export laws, and today's case is the result of ongoing cooperation with Immigration and Customs Enforcement and the FBI to protect our national security,” said Robert Luzzi, Special Agent-in-Charge of OEE's Miami Field Office.   “Parties who export to embargoed destinations such as Iran will be pursued and prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law.”
This case was investigated by ICE Homeland Security Investigations in Atlanta, FBI Atlanta Field Division and the Department of Commerce’s OEE.  

The prosecution is being handled by Assistant U.S. Attorneys Jennifer Kolman and Danial E. Bennett from the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Middle District of Georgia and Trial Attorneys Ryan P. Fayhee and Brandon L. Van Grack from the Counterespionage Section of the Justice Department’s National Security Division.

The public is reminded that an indictment contains mere allegations and that defendants are presumed innocent unless and until proven guilty.