Monday, December 31, 2012

Navy Multiband Terminals: the link between the deep blue sea and the final frontier


Thanks to smart phones, it’s easy to take for granted how simple it is to move video and texts. But what if you’re hundreds of miles out at sea, where the swells toss around a 100,000-ton aircraft carrier as if it were a bathtub toy?
Because there are no cell towers in the middle of the ocean, sailors have to rely on satellites to transmit voice, video and email. Out there, Raytheon’s Navy Multiband Terminal and its precisely engineered antennas do the crucial work of talking to satellites.
The Navy recently cleared the terminals for full rate production, meaning the system has met the service’s highest standards and is suitable for day-to-day operations.
Newsroom Feature - NMT Antenna Image
“It’s the highest compliment the Navy can make,” said Scott Whatmough, the vice president of Raytheon’s Integrated Communication Systems.
The terminals allow admirals, commanders and sailors to stay in touch with one another no matter what part of the world they’re in. The dish-like antennas are designed to maintain a constant link with the satellite even if the ship they’re on is surging up and down in hurricane-force waves.
The Navy plans to install the terminals on more than 300 U.S. Navy ships, submarines and shore stations. Raytheon worked with the Navy to make the terminals more user-focused, increasing their capabilities while lowering training times. That means sailors can spend more time doing what they do best.
NMT is one of three terminals in Raytheon's product line that support the Army, Navy and Air Force. All three have successfully tested with the U.S. military's newest Advanced Extremely High Frequency (AEHF) satellites, which move data more than five times faster than older satellites. And, the three are deployed and ready to operate with the on-obit AEHF satellites as soon as they are operational.
Raytheon has already delivered 75 NMT systems out of an estimated 350 scheduled for installation over the life of the 15-year program.

Thursday, December 27, 2012

China Defense Mashup


‎Yesterday, ‎December ‎26, ‎2012, ‏‎4:07:14 AM | adminGo to full article
2012-12-25 (China Military News by China-defense-mashup) — According to People Daily, on Dec. 11, Chinese ZKHC Technology Promotion Center held a seminar & project briefing meeting in Beijing to introduce a so-called “superconducting no-axis gyro air and space vehicles” technology. Chinese medias says that this new technology can be widely used in military and space exploration. The introduction of this new space vehicle indicates that China is developing UFO which once appeared in sci-fi movies.
The basic theory of “superconducting no-axis gyro air and space vehicles” can be described as follow: After the maglev rotor turns, the speed signal was fed back to center motor via upper- stator winding, and by repeatedly liter frequency (positive feedback speed control), the signal will be loaded to upper-stator-armature to let rotor reach maximum speed. The below-stator and inner-stator raised frequency to necessary electromagnetic wave (e.g., microwave, visible light, X-ray, etc.) and emit them to reach remote cutting, scanning, detection, and the air ejection navigation purposes.
Besides, the N pole of the rotor poles through a certain magnetic gap and is rotated counterclockwise manner to stator conductors to provide dynamic lateral magnetic field for below-stator conductor. The magnetic field will generate left-hand Lorentz force and synthesize the overall upward floating force.
Xu Dingming, Counselor of the State Council and the former director of National Energy Administration, says that this new technology has great significance, and the results of this research and development is also worth concentrated on studying the new results.
With conventional air and space vehicles, China is always finding innovation and even revolutionary concepts. One Chinese expert Cheng Xiangyu (程翔宇) once publish a paper named as “A brief analysis of the U.S. anti-gravity device operating principle and technical bottlenecks”. In this paper, he analysed U.S. anti-gravity device’s basic structure and functions of the composition by secret information achieved by hacker Gary McKinnon. he believed that therefore it is suspected that U.S. anti-gravity device was produced by electromagnetic eruption principles. In the latter part of the paper, some current technical bottlenecks of the anti-gravity device are analyzed, and he finally strongly recommended China to pay more in-depth studying in this area.

A brief history of Chinese laser-guided bombs

‎Yesterday, ‎December ‎26, ‎2012, ‏‎12:05:33 AM | adminGo to full article
2012-12-25 (China Military News by China-defense-mashup) — China began to develop laser-guided bombs after United States’ Vietnam War. From the late 1970s, China began to study laser-guided bombs. With the development of ammunition technology, laser-guided bombs now have become one of the major equipment of the PLA aerial precision-guided weapons. The history of Chinese laser-guided bombs has experienced three stages from simple “reverse engineering” to independent R&D.
Type 7712 laser-guided bombs
China’s first generation of laser-guided bombs was Type 7712, which started to research in 1977. Type 7712′s overall structure copied U.S. “Paveway I” guided bomb, using low resistance elastomer and folding stable wing with installation of aero stab seeker. In front of the bomb body, there are control part and attitude adjustment pneumatic rudder. The aero stab laser seeker in the trajectory of the bomb body will measure the deviation of the reflected laser seeker declination on the vector control system in accordance with the deviation of the value and direction of the formation of the control signal recovery velocity vector of the target point, folding stable wing control bomb delivery envelope.
7712 laser-guided bomb uses a 500 kg high explosive shell, the bomb length is 3.68 m (containing seeker) diameter is 0.38 me and a full weigh of 490 kilograms. Type 7712 guided bombs loading requirements are same with ordinary 500 kg bomb, shows excellent adaptability with fighter and attack aircraft. The laser-guided radiation device can use airborne, handheld or vehicle-based laser illuminator. Type 7712 has tree bombing ways: level bomb, to Upward bomb and dive bomb, the different ways the bombing altitude of 900 to 7000 m, 100 to 1000 m and from 1000 to 6000 m, the aircraft flight speed range is from 700 to 1200 km/hour. The 7712 laser-guided bomb seeker uses 1.064μm laser wavelength, can be used in all weather conditions. The seeker can capture a field of view of 25 degrees, Seeker capture distance is 4 km and guided distance can not be less than 3 kilometers, the guidance precision is (CEP) 5 meters.

LT-2 guided bomb
Since 1985, Type 7712 guided bomb began to airdrop shooting test. In the live launch test, Type 7712 guided bombs successfully tested laser-guided seeker and missile-borne control system, basically reached the standard design, and the overall structure of the design and most of the test data to meet the design requirements. The successful test of 7712 laser-guided bombs means China reached the level of U.S. in the early 1970s, but still there is a lack of the seeker precision and anti-jamming capability. Besides, the 7712′s hit precision can not reach the requirements of the design specifications, and the design has begun to lag behind in the early 1990s. The 7712 laser-guided bomb ultimately did not enter PLA, but play role of providing a good foundation for the development of the follow-up project.
Successful development of second-generation laser-guided bombs
After the termination of 7712 project, China began to develop more advanced LT-2 guided bomb. The LT-2 are in the same 500 kg level bombs, but similar to the Soviet Union KAB-5090L. LT-2 still used aero stab seeker, but the control wing of the bomb with a conventional tail yaw rudder control mode, which is different with western front canard airframe control wing.
The LT-2 project began in 1997 and finalized in October 2004, then entered the large-scale service period. Almost all of PLA Air Force new generation fighters can use LT-2 guided bombs. The LT-2′s shape and structure is very close to KAB-500L, but LT-2 has a smaller size and lighter weight with using Chinese 500 kg level bomb. LT-2′s seeker is similar to the 7712 type, but the sensitivity and the guide accuracy significantly exceeds. Compared to 7712, LT-2′s largest improvement is the hit accuracy. LT-2′s success can be seen as a reference for domestic technology based on the results of the KAB-500L. LT-2 laser-guided bombs are more successful in the technical and cost, but this type of bomb design has obvious disadvantages of the air-drop height restrictions and short range, and low hit accuracy in attacking moving targets.
China’s fourth-generation laser-guided bombs
China’s fourth generation of laser-guided bombs almost followed by the cutting-edge products in the world. The LT-3 which was demonstrated in Zhuhai Airshow has applied with the most advanced design concepts: the bomb guidance system is divided into laser seeker and the INS/GPS guided kits to meet the accuracy requirements under different battle-field conditions. LT-3 can achieve the true sense of the “fire-and-forget”, to help combat aircraft realize long-distance attack by INS/GPS guidance system.

LT-3 bomb
LT-3 is 3.58 meters in length and 0.38 m in diameter, increased weight of 74 kg compared to LT-2, but still adopt to the PLA fighters. LT-3 has a JDAM-similar size wing and external hanging bomb device , significantly improves the structure of production and reserves conditions of the guided bombs. LT-3, in theory, no longer requires specialized bomb but directly transform different level of conventional bombs into guided ammunitions by using of different guidance kits. By increasing the folding wing glider, LT-3′s range can be greatly increased, even when the high-altitude bombing conditional range increased to more than 50 kilometers. Compared to the LT-2, LT-3 also improves fitness for not only tactical aircraft but also medium H-6 bomber internal bomb bay to carry LT-3 bombs.
After 25 years, China’s Laser-guided bomb has made great success. LT-2 is likely to become China’s last pure laser-guided bombs. China can not only provide high-performance laser-guided bombs, but develop world’s most advanced multi-methods guided ammunition for its armed forces. With the development of China’s “Beidou” navigation satellite system, the Chinese guided bomb technology inevitably will enter a new era.

Some foggy pics of Chinese Y-20 Airlifter

‎Monday, ‎December ‎24, ‎2012, ‏‎12:53:01 AM | adminGo to full article
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‘first island chain’ could restrict Chinese PLA navy

‎Sunday, ‎December ‎23, ‎2012, ‏‎10:40:13 PM | adminGo to full article
2012-12-24 — Perched on a narrow promontory jutting off Taiwan’s heavily industrialized northeastern coast, the Suao naval base is only 220 kilometers (140 miles) from a rocky group of islets at the center of a bitter territorial dispute between Japan and China.
Along with Taiwan, the islets — called the Diaoyutai in China and Senkaku in Japan — form part of what military strategists call the “first island chain.” The string of islands and atolls extends along China’s eastern periphery from South Korea to the southern Philippines, taking in a number of other disputed territories — notably the Paracel and Spratly islands in the South China Sea.
While most explanations for the territorial disputes focus on nationalistic pride and access to rich fishing grounds or potentially large reserves of oil and gas, the first island chain once figured prominently in strategic calculations — and some say still has strategic relevance today.
Military interest in the chain dates from at least the 1920s, when American planners concluded it could play a key role in helping the U.S. defend against rising Japanese militarism. After the communist victory in the Chinese civil war in 1949, Washington came to regard the chain as an important vehicle for containing Chinese military expansion, with special emphasis on Taiwan’s role in it. U.S. Gen. Douglas MacArthur called the island “an unsinkable aircraft carrier,” whose position 160 kilometers (100 miles) off China gave it the ability to project power all along the mainland’s eastern coast.
MacArthur’s doctrine helped focus Beijing’s attention on the chain’s strategic value. Admiral Liu Huaqing, head of the Chinese navy from 1982 to 1986, saw control of the waters within its boundaries as the first step in a three-stage strategy to transform the navy into a formidable platform for projecting Chinese power. The next stage, he wrote, involved controlling a second island chain linking the Ogasawara Islands — including Iwo Jima — with Guam and Indonesia, while the third stage focused on ending American dominance throughout the Pacific and Indian oceans, largely by deploying aircraft carriers in the region.
Contemporary analysts are divided on whether the chain has lost its strategic relevance, notwithstanding the rapid expansion of the Chinese navy. Skeptics say that China’s acquisition of advanced, longer-range missiles means it can defend itself from its own shores, though the island chain still creates vulnerable chokepoints for Chinese vessels heading to sea.
“In my view, technology is diminishing the relevance of geographic strategy,” former American military attache in Beijing Mark Stokes said in an email. “For example, the ability to strike moving targets at sea from southeast China at extended ranges reduces the need for cruise missile platforms closer to sea lines.”
This view was echoed by Shanghai University of Law and Political Science military affairs expert Ni Lexiong.

China sharply attacks U.S. Alliance With Japan and F-16 Sales to Taiwan

‎Sunday, ‎December ‎23, ‎2012, ‏‎10:33:47 PM | adminGo to full article
2012-12-24 — The nomination of Senator John Kerry as the new U.S. secretary of state has been warmly received by China, but the state-run news media on the mainland has sharply attacked the passage of a new military spending bill that is awaiting President Obama’s signature.
Two amendments to the $633 billion bill have drawn particular scorn from Beijing, which has unleashed a series of scathing articles and editorials in the state-run news media.
One provision in the bill says “the United States takes no position on the ultimate sovereignty of the Senkaku islands,” but endorses Japan’s administration of the fiercely disputed islands.
A commentary by Xinhua, the official Chinese news agency, called the amendment “a gross violation of China’s sovereign rights.”
The uninhabited islets, located in the East China Sea, are known in China as the Diaoyu islands. They are claimed by China, Japan and Taiwan, all of whom have conducted provocative naval patrols around the islands.
When a Chinese military surveillance plane overflew the islands two weeks ago, Japan scrambled fighter jets in response. The next day, an editorial in Global Times, a mainland newspaper tied to the Chinese Communist Party, said the overflight “marks the beginning of China’s air surveillance” of the islands.
“The situation could easily veer into a serious military clash,” the paper said, warning that “if Tokyo keeps on intercepting Chinese patrol planes, such a confrontation is bound to happen sooner or later.”
Shinzo Abe, expected to be sworn in this week as the new Japanese prime minister, has suggested he might send government workers or Coast Guard personnel to occupy the islands, a move that would complete a worrisome air-land-sea trifecta.
The new military spending bill, known as the 2013 National Defense Authorization Act, was passed in both houses of Congress by wide margins.
Its amendment on the islands reaffirms Washington’s commitment to a bilateral security alliance with Tokyo, and says in part, “The unilateral actions of a third party will not affect the United States acknowledgement” of Tokyo’s de facto control of the islands.
“In an apparent move to bolster Japan’s unwarranted claims, the document goes even further to say that the U.S.-Japan security treaty applies to the dispute, should the islands come under attack,” said an editorial in Monday’s editions of the state-run newspaper China Daily. “This is a blatant violation of China’s sovereign rights.
“The U.S. meddling in the dispute over the Diaoyu islands is detrimental to regional peace and stability,” the paper said, “as it will only embolden the increasingly rightist Japan.”
The other provision of the bill that has angered China expresses congressional support for the sale of dozens of new F-16 C/D fighter jets to Taiwan. The amendment, offered by Rep. Kay Granger, a Texas Republican, refers to Taiwan as “our key strategic ally in the Pacific.”
“Our support for a democratic Taiwan is consistent with our national security priorities in the region,” Ms. Granger said in a statement on her official Web site. “It also demonstrates that we stand by our friends and allies no matter where the threats are from.”
China opposes all arms sales to Taiwan, which it considers to be a breakaway province.
“The U.S. arms sales to Taiwan, an inalienable part of China, are the most sensitive issue standing in the way of bilateral ties,” China Daily said. “Any mishandling of the issue could derail what is widely seen as the most important bilateral relationship in the world.”
The Obama administration declined last year to sell 66 new F-16s to Taiwan but did approve $5.3 billion in upgrades to the island’s 20-year-old fleet of American-made combat aircraft.
Senator John Cornyn of Texas assailed that refusal, saying at the time that the “capitulation to Communist China by the Obama administration marks a sad day in American foreign policy, and it represents a slap in the face to a strong ally and longtime friend.”
For China, the upgrades were insult enough, and Beijing summoned the American ambassador and military attaché to register a “strong protest” over what Xinhua called a “despicable breach of faith in international relations.”
Another similar response — official outrage, an ambassadorial summons and the like — is certainly possible again if Mr. Obama signs the 2013 bill, which could be this week.
“This is a kind of ritual, and all the players know their roles,” Yawei Liu, director of the China Program at the Carter Center in Atlanta, told my colleague Andrew Jacobs. “There is a script they follow and then hope things cool down so they can return to business as usual.”
Xinhua said in a signed commentary by Zhi Linfei that the two new amendments, which are not binding on Mr. Obama, are “set to cause harm to China-U.S. relations at a sensitive time of political transition in both countries.”
The Xinhua commentary concluded this way:
The history of the past four decades has clearly demonstrated that China and the U.S. can break the curse of zero-sum game between a sitting power and an emerging power, through building a cooperative partnership based on mutual respect and benefit.
So, it’s advisable for the Obama administration to reject the two amendments and continue to honor its commitment to building a new type of inter-power relationship with China, by respecting China’s vital interests, enhancing strategic mutual trust and handling differences properly.
Meanwhile, the reception for Senator Kerry’s nomination has been far less contentious across Greater China.
Greg Torode, the veteran foreign affairs columnist for The South China Morning Post in Hong Kong, wrote that Mr. Kerry has “forged a reputation as an intelligent pro-engagement pragmatist.”
“He backed the congressional push behind China’s landmark entry into the World Trade Organization and was a key early driver in Washington’s normalization of ties with its old enemy, Vietnam.
“And how he juggles Obama’s priorities of boosting ties with both Beijing and a wary region at the same time will be a key early test of his skills.”

‘Hongze Lake’ ship, China’s first supply ship

‎Sunday, ‎December ‎23, ‎2012, ‏‎10:26:46 PM | adminGo to full article
2012-12-24 — The “Hongze Lake” ship (hull number 881) is the earliest large oceangoing comprehensive supply ship of the North China Sea Fleet under the Navy of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA). Measuring 180 meters in length with a water displacement of 22,000 tons, it was first named as “Taicang” ship after its commissioning in 1981 and then changed to “Hongze Lake” ship with hull number 881 in July 2002.
The “Hongze Lake” ship is mainly responsible for the accompanying support and replenishment of fuel, drummed lubricants, fresh water, soft water and part of refrigerated foods during its voyage with the oceangoing ship formation. It can carry out three-dimensional replenishment on two sides, at its three supply stations and in the four directions under complex sea conditions, and it is a real “ocean floating supply base”.
Since its commissioning, the “Hongze Lake” ship has successively carried out combat-duty-support missions for more than 10 times in the waters of the Nansha Islands, participated in many major exercises and drills including the first joint maritime drill of Chinese and French navies, the first joint maritime drill on non-traditional security of the Chinese and British navies and the first joint maritime drill of the Chinese and Australian navies, and visited 25 countries successively.
The “Hongze Lake” ship set 16 records of the PLA Navy by successfully completing the PLA Navy’s first 132-day-long round-the-world navigation with a total voyage of 33,000 nautical miles from May to September of 2002, and passing through the Panama Canal for the first time.
Due to its outstanding performance in various joint maritime drills of the PLA navy and foreign navies, the “Hongze Lake” ship is hailed as “China’s first supply ship”.

Nuclear plant will bring more power to Chinese people

‎Sunday, ‎December ‎23, ‎2012, ‏‎10:24:45 PM | adminGo to full article
2012-12-24 — Comprehensive studies conducted after the disaster in Fukushima will help ensure safety and high standards, Jiang Xueqing reports from Shenzhen and Wu Wencong from Beijing.
The meltdowns at a Japanese nuclear plant last year sent shock waves across the world.
Beijing suspended approval of new nuclear power projects following the massive earthquake and tsunami in March 2011, that triggered a radiation leak at Japan’s Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant.
But now China’s nuclear program is getting back on track.
The Ministry of Environmental Protection heralded this development in late November with two announcements: The Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant in East China’s Zhejiang province will launch a flood-control project, and the Tianwan Nuclear Power Plant in Jiangsu province, also in East China, will build two nuclear power reactor units.
The State Council passed the Nuclear Power Safety Plan (2011-20) and the Mid- and Long-Term Development Plan for Nuclear Power (2011-20) on Oct 24. Eight days earlier, it approved the 12th Five-Year Plan (2011-15) for Nuclear Safety and Radioactive Pollution Prevention and Vision for 2020. These three documents paved the way for the nation to relaunch its nuclear power projects.
Fifteen nuclear power reactors had entered service by the end of 2011, with a total installed capacity of 12.54 million kilowatts. Another 26, still under construction, were designed with a combined installed capacity of 29.24 million kW, the largest in the world. The country’s installed nuclear power capacity is expected to reach 40 million kW by 2015, according to China’s Energy Policy 2012 published by the Information Office of the State Council on Oct 24.
“It takes about five years to build a nuclear power generating unit,” said Pu Jilong, a senior expert in nuclear and radiation safety and former deputy general manager of China Guangdong Nuclear Power Holding Co. “Now that the government has started ratifying new nuclear power projects, if four units are approved each year, the total installed capacity is likely to reach 60 million kW by 2020.”
This estimate falls way below the target of a total installed capacity of 80 million kW by 2020 suggested by many experts in the nuclear power industry before the Fukushima accident. According to State Council requirement, China will resume normal construction of nuclear power facilities in a steady and orderly fashion and at a reasonable pace.
In the wake of the Fukushima accident, the central government gathered experts in nuclear safety, seismology and oceanography. They spent nine months examining the safety of 41 nuclear power reactors nationwide that are either in full operation or under construction. The experts also inspected three units awaiting construction, as well as all civilian research reactors and nuclear fuel cycle facilities.
Meeting the standards
The inspections found that the country’s nuclear power plants meet the latest standards set by Chinese laws and regulations on nuclear safety and those of the International Atomic Energy Agency. The plants have been designed to prevent and offer relief during serious accidents, to control risks and to ensure safety.
However, some problems were detected during the inspections. A small number of nuclear power plants failed to meet the new standards on flood-control capacity; some reactors used in civil research and nuclear fuel cycle facilities didn’t meet the standards on earthquake resistance capacity; some had failed to draw up or enact rules and procedures to prevent and offer relief during serious accidents; and the operators in general were weak at evaluating and coping with tsunamis.
The relevant government departments and companies acted to rectify the problems. The National Nuclear Safety Administration issued a list of general technical standards for safety improvements, covering eight major factors, including flood control, emergency water replenishment, mobile power supply and radiation monitoring.
For example, under the technical standards, each nuclear power plant with two or more reactors sited 5 km apart should be equipped with at least two diesel generators. They may also choose other types of mobile generators to provide temporary power in emergencies.
A mobile power supply should carry sufficient fuel to run for at least four hours continuously at full power and be able to run for at least 72 hours after refueling. It must be stored in a structure capable of resisting an earthquake one degree above the nuclear plant’s designed level of seismic intensity.
In addition to upgrading nuclear safety standards, the nation will also boost the technological advancement of key equipment, such as Generation III reactors, and widen the application of the latest equipment, as required by China’s Energy Policy 2012.

PLA senior officers banned from holding alcohol-fuelled banquets

‎Sunday, ‎December ‎23, ‎2012, ‏‎4:57:18 AM | adminGo to full article
2012-12-23 — China has banned senior military officers from holding alcohol-fuelled banquets or from staying in luxury hotels when on work trips.
The decision was the latest move by Xi Jinping, the vice president of the Communist Party, to fight corruption, state media reported on Saturday.
Receptions will also no longer feature welcome banners, red carpets, flowers, honour guards, performances or souvenirs, the powerful Central Military Commission, which Xi oversees, has decreed, major newspapers reported.
Officers will have to cut back on both the number and length of inspection tours, overseas visits, meetings and reports, according to the new rules.
Speakers at meetings should avoid “empty talk”, while the use of vehicles equipped with sirens will be “rigorously controlled during official visits in order to prevent public disturbances”.
“Additionally, commission officials are required to discipline their spouses, children and subordinates and make sure they do not take bribes.”
The rules echo similar demands made of party officials by Xi earlier this month.
“It gives the signal that officials in China are serious about getting rid of the appearance of corruption and abuse of office,” Gordon Chang, an expert on China, told Al Jazeera.
“But really, this is just cosmetic and doesn’t deal with the fundamental issues. I think the Chinese people will see through this. Of course it’s a step in the right direction, but it’s a very small step.”
String of scandals
The party, which has shown no sign of giving up its tight grip on power, has struggled to contain public anger at a seemingly endless stream of corruption scandals, particularly when officials are seen as abusing their posts to amass wealth.
China intensified a crackdown on rampant corruption in the military in the late 1990s, banning the People’s Liberation Army from engaging in business.
But it has crept back in recent years due to a lack of transparency, checks and balances and perceived moral decay.
A senior officer, Lieutenant General Gu Junshan, was sacked earlier this year in what Hong Kong media have said would be the biggest military corruption scandal since the Communists swept to power in 1949, though details have not been officially announced.
Xi, who takes over as president from Hu Jintao at the annual meeting of parliament in March, warned shortly after becoming party boss that the country risked unrest if graft were not tackled.

Boeing to Provide 2 More C-40A Transport Aircraft to US Navy




St Louis Dec 27, 2012 - Boeing has received a $145 million order from the U.S. Navy for two additional C-40A Clipper transport aircraft, increasing the service's ability to move military personnel and cargo around the world. The modified Next-Generation 737-700 aircraft will be the 13th and 14th C-40As in the Navy's Unique Fleet Essential Airlift Replacement Aircraft Program, which is replacing the Navy Reserve's aging fleet of DC-9-based C-9B Skytrains.
"The C-40A offers superior performance and range, 21st century avionics and quiet, fuel-efficient engines, and is increasing the Navy's capability for rapid response," said Andy Reheis, Boeing Global Transport and Executive Systems program manager. "Boeing looks forward to continuing our support of the Navy and meeting the service’s airlift needs."
The C-40A is certified to operate in an all-passenger configuration, an all-cargo variant, or as a "combi" that accommodates both cargo and passengers on the main deck.
The Boeing 737 aircraft in the C-40A program are manufactured by in Renton, Wash., and sent to the company"s facility in San Antonio for modifications and certification. Boeing delivered the first C-40A to the Navy Reserve in 2001. Boeing also provides contractor logistics support for the C-40A fleet with industry partners Delta Technical Operations and J.K. Hill and Associates.

General Dynamics Acquires Applied Physical Sciences Corp




FALLS CHURCH, Va., Dec. 21, 2012 - General Dynamics (GD) today acquired Applied Physical Sciences Corp. of Groton, Conn., in a cash transaction for an undisclosed price. Applied Physical Sciences is a leading provider of applied research and development services, and will complement the engineering programs of General Dynamics Electric Boat, a wholly owned subsidiary of General Dynamics.
Applied Physical Sciences offers research, development, engineering and prototyping services to government and commercial customers in the areas of acoustics, signal processing, marine hydrodynamics and electromagnetics.  It is an industry leader in the fields of directional underwater transducers, maritime and ISR (intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance) sensing and communication systems, and special purpose underwater devices for government laboratories, universities and industry.  The company has 95 employees.
Kevin J. Poitras, president of General Dynamics Electric Boat, said, "This acquisition enhances Electric Boat's ability to respond to emerging submarine requirements using the engineering knowledge and rapid-prototyping capabilities of Applied Physical Sciences, and gives the talented professionals at Applied Physical Sciences additional insight into the needs of the U.S. submarine fleet."
"The greatest beneficiary of this acquisition will be the U.S. Navy, which will get more capable submarines to use in maintaining its global undersea dominance," Poitras said.
Charles N. Corrado, president of Applied Physical Sciences, said, "Our new relationship with General Dynamics and Electric Boat will greatly enhance our ability to transition systems to the submarine fleet. We are excited about the new opportunities this will provide to have a real impact on U.S. Navy capabilities, and to grow the company."
Applied Physical Sciences' headquarters and manufacturing facility are located in Groton. It also has offices in Lexington, Mass.; Arlington and Suffolk, Va.; and San Diego.
General Dynamics Electric Boat designs, constructs and provides life cycle support for U.S. Navy nuclear submarines.

Saab integrates surveillance system for Piaggio Aero Industries

The new Piaggio Aero MPA Aircraft.
ameinfo.com


The defence and security company Saab has signed a framework agreement with Italian Piaggio Aero Industries. Within the framework agreement Saab receives an order for the integration of surveillance systems in Piaggio Aero's new surveillance aircraft. The order is valued at Euro 15.5 million (approximately SEK 135 million).
The new aircraft, Piaggio Aero MPA (Multirole Patrol Aircraft), is a multi-functional aircraft and can be used for airborne patrols over land and sea.
Within the framework agreement Saab receives an initial order for the delivery and integration of the surveillance system MPA Mission System. The order comprises two MPA aircraft and requires Saab to integrate a package of advanced surveillance equipment comprising of sensors, radar, infra-red cameras and a mission system.
"Saab has many years' experience of integrating surveillance systems on its own platforms and others, and on different types of aircraft,” says Lars-Erik Wige, Head of business area Support and Services at Saab. “This order proves Saab's ability to deliver market-leading and high-performing surveillance systems in a very short time, whist being competitively priced at a level that suits the market.”
Deliveries are scheduled for the period 2012 to 2015.
The framework agreement aims to regulate the relationship between the two parties and the terms and conditions for future orders. 

VT HALTER MARINE ANNOUNCES APPOINTMENT OF JOHN J. PRENDERGAST, III EXECUTIVE VICE PRESIDENT


Rear Admiral John J. Prendergast, III
Pascagoula, Miss., December 26, 2012 – VT Halter Marine, Inc. (VT Halter Marine), a subsidiary of VT Systems, Inc. (VT Systems), is pleased to announce the appointment of Rear Admiral (Ret'd) John J Prendergast III to the position of Executive Vice President (EVP).
EVP, Mr. Prendergast will be responsible for a broad range of functions including Government Contracts, Organizational Excellence, Human Resources and DoD/DHS Interface, Procurement and Inventory Management.
Prendergast grew up in Philadelphia, and was a 1975 graduate of Palatine High School. He holds a Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Notre Dame and is a distinguished graduate of the Naval Postgraduate School; where he earned a Master of Science in Management with a subspecialty in contract and acquisition management. Prendergast is also a graduate of the Kellogg Graduate School of Management (Northwestern University) Executive Education Program. Prendergast spent over 30 years in the Navy. He earned his Navy commission in 1979 through the Naval ROTC Program at the University of Notre Dame. He served on board the USS GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER (SSBN 656); Submarine Squadron 1; USS CARL VINSON (CVN 70) and USS THEODORE ROOSEVELT (CVN 71). He also served ashore in a variety of challenging assignments including the Navy Supply Corps School, Athens, Naval Supply Systems Command, Mechanicsburg, and as the Commanding Officer of the Fleet and Industrial Supply Center, Jacksonville, FL.
Prendergast was selected to Rear Admiral in 2004, and was assigned as Deputy Commander (Logistics), U.S. Pacific Fleet. He subsequently served as the Vice Director for Logistics (VJ-4) on the Joint Staff, Washington, DC.
While on active duty, RADM Prendergast’s personal awards included the Navy Distinguished Service Medal, three Legions of Merit, five Meritorious Service Medals, six Navy Commendation Medals, two Navy Achievement Medals and various campaign and unit awards. He was the recipient of the 1989 Navy League Award for outstanding support of the operational forces of the U.S. Navy and was awarded the Naval Supply Systems Command Award for Academic Excellence.
Upon his retirement from the Navy, Prendergast was named as the Director, Sustainment Business Operations for the F-35 Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter within Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company.
He is married to the former Mary Ellen (Mimi) Slaght of Rocky River, Ohio. They have three sons, John, a U.S. Navy pilot flying the E-2C Hawkeye with VAW-113; Brian, a consultant working for Accenture; and Mark, an eighth grader.
“I am excited to announce the appointment of Jack Prendergast to our Executive Management Leadership Team. In this position Jack’s knowledge and expertise will be of great benefit to the continued success of VT Halter Marine.”
~ Bill SKINNER
Chief Executive Officer, VT Halter Marine

Tuesday, December 25, 2012

Russian Navy Gets New Research Vessel

portnews.ru
KALININGRAD, December 25 (RIA Novosti) - Russia’s Defense Ministry on Tuesday took delivery of a new deep-sea research and search-and-rescue vessel, the shipyard said.
The Project 11982 Seliger was built by the Kaliningrad-based JSC Yantar shipyard and was designed by the Almaz Central Design Bureau.
The Seliger will enter service with Russia’s Black Sea Fleet.
It will be used for deep-sea research, search and rescue operations and equipment tests.
The Defense Ministry signed a contract with Yantar in February 2009. The ship was floated out in July 2011 and completed sea trials in November 2012.

Monday, December 24, 2012

INS Saryu Delivered by Goa Shipyard



The first of the New 105 meter class of Naval Offshore Patrol Vessel to be commissioned  “INS SARYU”, indigenously designed in-house and built by Goa Shipyard Ltd was handed over to the Indian Navy on 21 December 2012 in a simple ceremony in Goa by RAdm (Retd) Vineet Bakhshi, Chairman & Managing Director, Goa Shipyard Limited to Cdr Amanpreet Singh, Commanding Officer Designate, INS SARYU.   Cmde R. Sreenivas, Commodore Superintendent, NSRY (Port Blair), Shri R. Choudhary, Director (Operations), Shri Sanjiv Sharma, Director(Finance) and other Indian Navy and GSL Officials were present on the occasion.

The vessel will help meet the increasing requirement of the Indian Navy for undertaking ocean surveillance and surface warfare operations in order to prevent infiltration and transgression of maritime sovereignty.  This Vessel is suitable for monitoring sea lines of communication, defence of offshore oil installations and other critical offshore national assets. Besides, the Vessel can be deployed for escorting high value ships and fleet support operations.

Designed and built by Goa Shipyard Limited, the warship is the culmination of many years of inhouse design development and ship build techniques. First of the series, the vessel is the largest Offshore Patrol Vessel of the Indian Navy and the largest constructed by Goa Shipyard Limited.

Sunday, December 23, 2012

DOD Identifies Navy Casualty




The Department of Defense announced today the death of a sailor while supporting Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan. 
Cdr. Job W. Price, 42, of Pottstown, Pa., died Dec. 22 of a non-combat related injury while supporting stability operations in Uruzgan Province, Afghanistan.  Price was assigned to an East Coast-based Naval Special Warfare unit in Virginia Beach, Va. 
This incident is currently under investigation. 

Friday, December 21, 2012

NAVAIR News


China Lake engineers find ways to save energy

‎Tuesday, ‎December ‎18, ‎2012, ‏‎11:00:00 AMGo to full article

X-47B completes historic at-sea period aboard Truman

‎Monday, ‎December ‎17, ‎2012, ‏‎11:00:00 AMGo to full article

FRCSE tests jet engines, reduces noise pollution

‎Monday, ‎December ‎17, ‎2012, ‏‎11:00:00 AMGo to full article

Support unit for Navy Reserve Program gains new leader as former CO retires

‎Monday, ‎December ‎17, ‎2012, ‏‎11:00:00 AMGo to full article

China Lake JAG helps Sailors on USS Nimitz

‎Monday, ‎December ‎17, ‎2012, ‏‎11:00:00 AMGo to full article

Reserve units change leadership at China Lake

‎Sunday, ‎December ‎16, ‎2012, ‏‎11:00:00 AMGo to full article

FRC East delivers first Italian AV-8

‎Thursday, ‎December ‎13, ‎2012, ‏‎11:00:00 AMGo to full article

China Defense Mashup


‎Today, ‎December ‎21, ‎2012, ‏‎11 hours ago | adminGo to full article
2012-12-21 — 30 newly-recruited members of the Marine Corps under the Navy of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) became beautiful scenery on their way to Zhanjiang of south China’s Guangdong province on the morning of December 19, 2012, because all of them are wushu (Chinese martial arts) masters and some of them were even world champions.
Yan Kangli, 20 years old, was a world Sanshou (free sparring) champion. He was admitted to a wushu school at the age of 16. During the Wushu Sanshou Championship of the 9th Hong Kong Wushu International Championship, he won 6 matches successively against top Sanshou practitioners from 16 countries and was finally awarded the first place of Male 60kg Sanshou.
He Mingjun, 24 years old, was a wushu coach. He was obsessed with military affairs. He won the championship of Male 56kg Sanshou of central China’s Henan province.
Zhu Hongzhen was born into a wushu family. He began to practice wushu after his father when he was five years old. He won many championships in Chinese boxing, swordsmanship and pair exercise, etc.

China aided Iran’s missile, nuclear programs?

‎Today, ‎December ‎21, ‎2012, ‏‎11 hours ago | adminGo to full article
2012-12-21 — China’s government provided goods and expertise for Iran’s nuclear program in the past and also gave Tehran’s Islamist regime missiles and other arms as part of the nations’ anti-United States policies, according to a congressional commission report made public Thursday.
“The authoritarian governments centered in Beijing and Tehran share an animus towards ‘hegemonism’ and a fear of internal instability,” the report prepared for the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission states.
“In recent decades the United States, supported by regional allies and security partners, has represented the principal hegemonic threat to Iran and China in two different regional contexts: the Persian Gulf and the Western Pacific.”
The 95-page report, “China-Iran: A Limited Partnership,” was produced for the commission by the intelligence contractor CENTRA Technology and dated October 2012.
China provided nuclear assistance to Iran in the 1990s and promised to halt its support in 1997. However, the report said there are indications Beijing has continued to provide covert assistance to Iranian nuclear programs.
On missile experts, the report said, “China has continued measured support to Iran’s defense programs.”
Recent transfers include several export versions of Chinese missiles, including C-705 anti-ship cruise missiles.
“U.S. government sanctions of multiple Chinese companies over the past two years are further evidence that some technology transfers continue,” the report said.
The arms trade and China’s desire to buy energy resources from Iran are Beijing’s main reasons for not supporting international sanctions against Iran for its illicit uranium enrichment program, the report said.
The report outlines extensive cooperation between China and Iran on nuclear weapons as Beijing sought “opportunities to gain commercial benefit from its extensive military nuclear capacity,” the report said.
However, China halted nuclear cooperation with Iran to preserve relations with the United States.
Equipment with both dual-use civilian and military purposes included a 27-kilowatt thermal (kWt) miniature neutron source and a small calutron—an electromagnetic isotope separation (EMIS) device, elements useful for uranium enrichment.
China also provided support for Iran’s Esfahan nuclear center.
Intelligence reports from the 1990s triggered fears in the West. The report said worries “about Iran’s nuclear program—and thus about Beijing’s assistance—was increasing rapidly.”
Also, in 1991 Iran secretly imported 1.6 metric tons of uranium products from China, including about a metric ton of uranium hexafluoride (UF6), which is used in centrifuges to make highly enriched uranium, the report said.
According to the report, China appeared to oppose Iran’s nuclear policy in response to U.S. pressure but “many in China even see Iran’s nuclear development as a positive in that it counters U.S. influence and provides China with strategic leverage.”

Chinese military rising ‘shifting Pacific balance’

‎Today, ‎December ‎21, ‎2012, ‏‎12 hours ago | adminGo to full article
2012-12-21 — CHINA’S military expansion is changing the balance of power in the Pacific, posing a direct challenge to Australia’s strategic weight in the region.
And a draft of next year’s defence white paper, obtained by The Australian, also warns that technological advances have reduced the warning time Australia would have against an enemy. “Despite the defensive advantages of our geography, the proliferation of long-range strike and power projection capabilities in the Indo-Pacific region, and emerging capabilities in areas such as cyber, increases the risk of a potential aggressor being able to directly attack Australia with little or no warning time,” it says.
The 150-page draft blueprint, valid at December 11, makes no firm commitment for more defence spending, warning that future constraints on military spending will be “sustained and serious”. It says Australia does not have to choose between the US and China, but that their relationship will determine Australia’s strategic environment for generations. “The US-China relationship is critical,” it says. “This relationship, more than anything else, will determine our strategic environment in the coming decades.
“Over the next three decades, Australia’s relative strategic weight will be challenged as the major economies grow rapidly and modernise their militaries.”
GRAPHIC: Defence white paper (6.7Mb)
The government has promised to release a final version of the white paper before the next election, saying the rise of China and India coupled with the wind-down of military operations in Afghanistan and East Timor require a reappraisal of defence posture.
The draft document, which Defence claims is incomplete and undergoing substantial changes, makes no firm commitment to increasing defence spending, which was slashed in the May budget by 10 per cent, reducing it to 1.56 per cent of gross domestic product, the lowest proportion since 1938.
Instead, it warns that the global economic crisis will continue to have a “sustained and serious” impact on Australia’s defence budget. It proposes placing a yet to be confirmed floor on defence spending of “1.5 per cent (to be announced) of gross domestic product” with an aspiration to lift it to 2 per cent of GDP as “fiscal circumstances allow”.
While the draft paper says Australia welcomes a rising China, it also says its military modernisation is a game-changer for Australia. “China’s expanding military capabilities are changing the balance of military power in the Western Pacific,” it says.
“Its official defence spending is delivering significant capabilities . . . including the deployment of modern submarines, anti-ship ballistic missiles and cyber capabilities, and the development of two prototype fifth-generation fighters, carrier-based air power, counter-space system and improved anti-submarine warfare capabilities.”
The white paper draft sticks to the promise to build 12 new submarines, but unlike the 2009 white paper, it keeps its options open for future warships, saying only that Defence “will continue to investigate options” for the navy’s surface fleet.
By declining to place firm numbers on new ships, the government gives itself wriggle room to scale down the size of its force in line with budget constraints.
It also reaffirms Australia’s commitment to purchase the Joint Strike Fighter, which has been plagued by development delays, but makes no mention of numbers – an omission that suggests the final number is likely to be far fewer that the 100 mooted in the 2009 white paper.
A spokeswoman for Defence Minister Stephen Smith said the document obtained by The Australian was an “early, incomplete departmental working draft that has neither been presented to government nor circulated to other relevant agencies”. Defence claimed the draft had “already changed substantially” despite it being just over a week old. The final white paper will be published “in the first half of 2013″.
The tone of the draft paper indicates that Australia’s military ambitions are in retreat after a decade of war in Iraq and Afghanistan. It reweights the strategic focus back to the immediate region and the direct defence of Australia.
The document commits Australia to a continued military presence in Afghanistan after troops are withdrawn next year. And it lays out four key strategic priorities for Australia: the direct defence of Australia; the security of the South Pacific and Timor; to help military contingencies in the Indo-Pacific; and to contribute to global security.

China’s growing military might obscures the real threat of cyberwar

‎Today, ‎December ‎21, ‎2012, ‏‎12 hours ago | adminGo to full article
2012-12-21 — China is growing in military prowess. Obviously, the manpower available is unmatched, but the technology is catching up as well. Their military budget has jumped to $100 billion in the last decade. It’s only about a sixth of what the United States spends, but China is growing fast. In ten years, their budget has quintupled. China is eyeing its role as a military and economic superpower, and other countries should be concerned, but not for the obvious reasons.
A fantastic overview at Popular Science points out that the US only learned of China’s J-20 fighter jet last year when Secretary of Defense Robert Gates visited the country. China is also ramping up production of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). The Yilong rivals the American Predator drone, while the BZK-005 compares favorably to the Global Hawk. Even more interesting is that China has been working on retrofitting an aircraft carrier of Soviet make and vintage. Liaoning, China’s name for the recommissioned vessel, will sport surface-to-air missiles, an automated machine gun, and the capability to carry fifty aircraft.
J-20 Stealth Fighter Jet

While China’s increasing might is reason for concern in the long term, it isn’t nearly as worrisome as the work being done in cyberwarfare and satellite manipulation. At least for the foreseeable future, there is no way China is going to stage a worldwide coup against the United States and its allies. Its economy is intertwined with the United States, and damaging that relationship would undoubtedly send both economies into a tailspin. In reality, China’s spying and satellite manipulation will do the US the most harm — not their fighter jets or drones.
Just last month, a report from the US Congress highlighted what a problem Chinese cyberwarfare has become. Cyber attacks account for about 15% of all internet traffic, and the vast majority of that comes from China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA). China continues to attempt to interfere with US satellite communication, and has even been successful numerous times with at least two different US government satellites. Even scarier, they are dedicating resources to physically harming satellites in space. Not only do they have missiles that will take them out, but the PLA is also developing laser systems to effectively blind other satellites. They’re even making microsatellites that can be used to ram into other spacecraft to either destroy or knock them out of orbit.
Conflict with China will not be conventional or even openly hostile, it will consist of fighting over data and technology instead of land or political ideals. While the US and China smile and work together publicly, they are entrenched in a deep and sophisticated cyberwar, and it’s only going to grow from here on out.

Dose Chinese J-10 Fighter use Russia Zhuk Radar?

‎Tuesday, ‎December ‎18, ‎2012, ‏‎11:31:35 PM | adminGo to full article
2012-12-19 (China Military News by China-defense-mashup.com) — Recently, Russian media reports that the Chinese J-10 fighter uses NIIR Phazotron Company’s Zhuk Zhemchoug airborne fire control radar. In fact, PLA Air force J-10 is equipped domestic KLJ-3 pulse Doppler fire control radar.
KLJ-3 radar is indeed the result of the introduction of foreign technology, but it is not from Russia, but Israel.
In 1986, J-10 fighter program started. When the Chinese Air Force dispatched pilots go to France to fly Mirage 2000 for evaluation, the Chinese pilots were impressed with Mirage-2000′s avionics and advanced cockpit display system. After the test in France, Pilot Ge Wenyong bluntly said that if counterpart Mirage 2000 pilots do not make mistakes, PLA Air Force J-7 and J-8 fighters have no chance of winning. But Chinese electronics industry was weak at 1980s, and it is difficult to meet the development requirements of the new combat aircraft. In this case, the Heads of Chinese military has determined to actively introduce advanced foreign technology, and push the the development of Chinese avionics industry.
In later 1980s, China began aviation technical cooperation with Israel, including the a full set of LAVI fighter avionics systems. LAVI’s original EL/M-2035 multifunction pulse Doppler fire control radar, which uses a phase parameters transmitter and multi-channel receiver, programmable signal processing system, look-down capacity as 46 km detection range. Its air-to-air modes include RWS (range-while-search), TWS (Track-While-Scan), dogfight, single target tracking; the air-to-ground modes include ranging, real beam mapping and Doppler beam sharpening. The radar has weights of 138 kg. However when the LAVI project ended, the development of EL/M-2035 was also cancel.
Later, Israel improved EL/M-2035 improvements into EL/M-2032, which was displayed for the first time at the 1987 Paris Air Show. EL/M-2032 in aerial target designation mode has the maximum search distance to reach 150 km; in the air-to-sea mode detection range over 300 km. There have been reports that the Israeli Air Force are not satisfied with F-16I fighter AN/APG-68V-9 radar’s performance and hoped to replace by EL/M-2032 radar, but the United States refused. This also reflects high- performance EL/M-2032, rising as a threat to the U.S. radar.

Chinese KLJ-3 pulse Doppler fire control radar
The introduction of the LAVI aviation electronic systems in China, was known as the 873 avionics integrated system based on 1553B data bus, which was officially launched in 1989, began to conduct test flights in 1993. Other sub-systems including airborne radar, inertial navigation, mission computer display management sub-systems, air data computers, plug-in management system. The 873 project has laid a solid foundation for J-10 to reach full operational capability and greatly raise the R&D Level of Chinese aviation industry.
China imported a multi-Ministry EL/M-2032-radar airborne radar, on which China develops KLJ-3 radar. KLJ-3 uses a double mode grid controlled TWT transmitter, so that the radar is the equivalent of two transmitters, greatly improve the performance of the radar. KLJ-3 works by low operating ratio in the low PRF mode, but also work in high work than high PRF mode. It means KLJ-3 features with real multifunction performance.
The real specifications of KLJ-3 radar are still unknown, but we can deduce its performance by KLJ-7 radar. Pakistan Air Force JF-17 is equipped with KLJ-7 airborne pulse Doppler radar with maximum detection range of 130 km, TWS mode can simultaneously track 10 targets and simultaneously guided two SD-10A active radar-guided air-to-air missile attack two biggest threats. KLJ-7 also has ground moving target indication, synthetic aperture imaging and other advanced work mode, with a strong ground attack capability. KLJ-7 antenna aperture and power supply capacity is lower than the J-10′s KLJ-3, so you can imagine KLJ-3 has better tactical and technical indicators.
China started airborne radar cooperation with Russia at the beginning of 1990s. In addition to NO01E, NO01VE radar for supporting the Su-27SK, Su-30MKK fleets, China also imported some Russian radars including ZHUK Series radar and PERO passive phased array antenna.
Chinese J-8IIM fighter is the first one equipped with Russian ZHUK-8-2 radar. After the disintegration of the former Soviet Union, the development of ZHUK radar was not quite smoothly, and Russian Air Force did not use it. The ultimate success of ZHUK-M-type radar developed in 2002 ultimately is equipped with the Russian MiG-29SMT fighter and the Indian Navy’s MiG-29KUB fighter.
“Zhemchoug” radar is a light version of ZHUK-M radar with performance decreased. “Zhemchoug” radar actually was later than the time of the production of F-10 fighter. Chinese J-10 airborne radar is also different with “Zhemchoug” IFF antenna design, therefore J-10 has no relation with Russia “Zhemchoug” radar.
Through the combination of technology introduction and self-development, Chinese airborne radar has made a breakthrough in the beginning of 2000s, making significant progress in the field of antenna precision manufacturing and transmitter power density, brings a strong impetus to Chinese radar tactical and technical indicators. Chinese-made radar may learn some from Russian radar technology, but the Chinese fighter almost has no possibility of directly using Russian radar. Besides, China is also developing airborne active phased array radar.

China builds its first cryogenic propellant lab

‎Monday, ‎December ‎17, ‎2012, ‏‎6:47:23 PM | adminGo to full article
2012-12-17 — China’s first key national laboratory of space cryogenic propellant technology was officially inaugurated recently in the 63918 troop unit under the General Armaments Department (GAD) of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA), which will provide effective support for major follow-up aerospace projects including manned lunar landing.
“The key national laboratory of space cryogenic propellant technology is an established project approved by the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of China. It’s also China’s first key national laboratory in the field of cryogenic engineering,” the person in charge of the laboratory introduced. The purpose of the laboratory is to accelerate the breakthrough in technological bottleneck of large-scale application of space cryogenic propellant, further master the core technology of cryogenic propellant, and promote its extensive application in various fields of national economy.
\According to the briefing, the laboratory has obtained a number of research results with independent intellectual property rights, which are widely applied in the construction of the new-generation carrier rocket launch sites. The laboratory will focus on the four key researches, namely the mechanism and technology of high-efficient cryogenic liquefaction, theories and methods of cryogenic high-efficient storage, heat transfer and measurement of cryogenic flow, as well as the theory on cryogenic safety and protection technology.

Three Chinese navy warships dock in Sydney

‎Monday, ‎December ‎17, ‎2012, ‏‎6:45:10 PM | adminGo to full article
2012-12-17 — Three navy ships from the Chinese People’s Liberation Army will spend the next four days docked in Sydney.
The ships are arriving in Sydney this morning for a brief stop-over on the way to China.
They are returning from a mission to combat pirate activities in the Gulf of Aden between Yemen and the Horn of Africa.
Defence Minister Stephen Smith says China has a central role to play in maintaining regional security.
He says both navies will share lessons learnt about anti-piracy operations during the four-day visit.
The stop-over is one of a number of events planned this year to mark 40 years since the beginning of diplomatic relations between Australia and China.
In May the HMAS Ballarat visited Shanghai to carry out an exercise with a Chinese navy frigate at the mouth of the Yangtze River.

Chinese naval painted with new hull number design

‎Monday, ‎December ‎17, ‎2012, ‏‎6:43:29 PM | adminGo to full article
2012-12-17 — A pair of nearly-40-square-meter hull numbers “16″ is extraordinarily conspicuous on the two sides of the bow of China’s first aircraft carrier “Liaoning Ship”. By comparison, it is easy to find that the elements of the hull number of the “Liaoning Ship”, such as font and color, are distinctly different from those of other Chinese naval ships.
The reporters recently learnt from related departments under the Navy of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) that the painting design scheme of the new-type hull number of the “Liaoning Ship” had been officially approved and would be widely used in the Chinese naval troop units.
The painting design scheme stipulates the font, color, size and position of hull numbers, so as to achieve overall coordination of different types of warships.
The font of the new-type warship hull number is divided into “naval hull number font” and “naval hull number vertical font”. The hull numbers include 38 Chinese characters and 10 Arabic numerals which can be expanded as needed by the painting of hull numbers. The color and style of hull numbers are also changed from black and horizontal to white and vertical respectively, reflecting the special requirements of warships for low visibility in modern wars.

Maldives-China military agreement to provide $3.2 million free aid

‎Monday, ‎December ‎17, ‎2012, ‏‎6:40:40 PM | adminGo to full article
2012-12-17 — Maldives National Defence Force (MNDF) has revealed that the military agreement signed between Maldives and China would yield USD3.2 million in free aid.
In relation to the Defence Minister Mohamed Nazim’s official visit to China, MNDF said that the Chinese government has agreed to provide a marine ambulance to the Maldives.
Nazim who had visited China on an invitation from the Chinese Defence Minister and the State Counsel General Liang Guan Li, returned back to the Maldives on Sunday night.
In addition to signing the military agreement Defense Minister Nazim met with the Chinese Central Military Commission vice-Chairman General, Xu Qiliang, officials from the Chinese National Defence University, Military Medical University and the Shanghai Institute for International Studies on seeking scholarship opportunities, according to MNDF.
MNDF further said that Nazim’s visit would strengthen defense and military cooperation between the two nations.

PLA’s support to Chinese national construction

‎Monday, ‎December ‎17, ‎2012, ‏‎6:38:49 PM | adminGo to full article
2012-12-17 — The Foreign Affairs Office of the Ministry of National Defense (MND) of the People’s Republic of China organized foreign military attachés in China to listen to the briefing on the Chinese People’s Liberation Army’s (PLA) support to national construction on December 14, 2012 in Beijing. A total of 70-odd foreign military attachés from 40-plus countries were present at the briefing meeting.
Leaders of the related department under the General Political Department (GPD) of the PLA gave the military attachés details on the main contents, forms and organization and leadership mechanism of the PLA’s support to national construction, answered their questions and illustrated the positive contributions the PLA has made to promoting social and economic development through living examples of supporting major construction projects, participating in environmental protection and carrying out emergency rescue and disaster relief work.
The military attachés expressed their appreciation for the PLA’s outstanding contributions to and rich experience in supporting national construction projects, and spoke highly of the fine tradition of the unity and cooperation between the Chinese PLA and the Chinese people as well as the PLA’s professional attainments in diversified military tasks, such as carrying out emergency rescue and disaster relief work and protecting the people’s lives and property.

China increases Pressure on Japan in Island Dispute

‎Saturday, ‎December ‎15, ‎2012, ‏‎10:33:36 PM | adminGo to full article
2012-12-16 — A modest-looking twin-propeller Chinese aircraft loaded with radar and other surveillance equipment swooped low over the waters close to disputed islands in the East China Sea on Thursday, the latest move by China to increase the pressure on Japan over who owns the uninhabited island chain.
By itself, the less than 30-minute flight by the nine-year-old plane into what Japan considers its airspace did not amount to much. Japanese F-15 jets were sent in response, but the Chinese plane had left by the time they got to the area.
But the Chinese sortie was part of a steady escalation in the air, on the sea and in public statements by China against Japan, a strategy that analysts say was fixed upon three months ago to take back the islands known as Diaoyu in China and the Senkaku in Japan. The strategy, they say, is being overseen by the new leader, Xi Jinping.
Just days before the Chinese plane ventured into Japanese airspace, four Chinese warships, returning from an exercise elsewhere, entered waters near the islands, cruised along for five hours and then left, Chinese state news media said. Chinese law enforcement boats have been patrolling the waters close to the islands regularly since September, but the appearance of the Chinese Navy near the islands on three occasions, combined with the incursion by the plane, adds new dangers to the dispute, analysts said.
In effect, they say, the Chinese authorities are trying to unilaterally change the status quo of the islands, which have been administered by Japan for decades, attempting to use the air and naval patrols as evidence of their own longstanding claim.
“China is now challenging Japan’s effective control of the islands with ships on the water and planes in the air,” said M. Taylor Fravel, associate professor of political science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
The goal was to deter Japan from trying to develop the islands, he said, but there was an inherent risk that an accident at sea or in the air between the two sides could spiral out of control with unforeseen consequences.
Japan, which itself regularly patrols the islands, argues that the Chinese have no case. Japanese officials say the Chinese started making a claim to the islands only in the early 1970s, after evidence emerged that the seabeds nearby might hold rich oil and natural gas deposits. The latest dispute over the islands began months ago, when the right-wing governor of Tokyo suggested that his city might buy some of them back from a Japanese family to bolster Japan’s control by erecting structures on them. The central government then bought the islands, saying it was trying to reduce tensions and would not build structures there, but China viewed the purchase as a provocation.
The stepped-up pressure by China has come as the Japanese prepare to go to the polls on Sunday in an election that is likely to return to power the former prime minister, Shinzo Abe, of the conservative Liberal Democratic Party. Although Mr. Abe in the past has tried to improve relations with China, he is also known as a hawk and has campaigned on strengthening Japan’s defense forces against China’s mounting challenges. The Japanese Navy is considered one of the world’s most sophisticated, but China is increasing its naval capacity.
In China, Mr. Xi was appointed as head of a powerful interagency group formed in September at the top of the Chinese government to oversee the country’s maritime disputes. That was two months before he assumed the leadership of the Communist Party and before he became the civilian head of the military at the 18th Party Congress.
That means that for three months now, Mr. Xi has had a critical say in how China conducts its strategy with Japan, Western and Chinese analysts say.
At the same time, China has put greater focus on its growing maritime capacities. The outgoing leader, Hu Jintao, said in a farewell address that China aimed to become a maritime power. A highlight of Mr. Xi’s just-finished tour of southern China was a visit to one of China’s most advanced destroyers, the Haikou, which often patrols the South China Sea, another disputed area off China’s shores.
The dispute with Japan carries great resonance with the Chinese public.
The older generation recalls the history of the 1894-95 Sino-Japanese war when Japan humiliated China at sea and annexed the islands. Many people also remember the brutal World War II Japanese occupation of China.
The younger generation bristles with the themes of a revised 1990s nationalistic school curriculum even as they buy Japanese cars, electronics and fashion.
The economic fallout from the dispute has hurt Japan, but may not leave China unscathed, either.
Japanese economists say that Japanese auto sales in China, where top-tier Japanese brands were something of a status symbol, slumped precipitously in September and October. There has been a slight recovery since those lows, they said.
Some Japanese manufacturers in China, including Toyota and Sony, suspended production after anti-Japanese protests related to the islands, and laid off Chinese employees who demanded higher wages when they returned. Some Chinese economists have warned the government that large-scale boycotts of Japanese goods could lead to huge job losses in a softening Chinese economy.
With little prospect of a return to more normal relations anytime soon, some Japanese factories in China are beginning to seek alternative locations in Southeast Asia, such as Myanmar, where wages are lower and employees are less demanding, according to Japanese surveys.
As the dispute drags on, China’s words and actions in international forums have escalated, too. The foreign minister, Yang Jiechi, wrote in an article in The People’s Daily last week that China would “resolutely fight against the Japanese side” over what he called the illegal purchase of the islands.
On Friday, China submitted documents to the United Nations detailing its claims to the continental shelf in the East China Sea, another step toward establishing what it says are its legal rights.
In mid-September, as the islands dispute intensified, a vice minister of foreign affairs, Le Yucheng, foreshadowed China’s unfolding game plan. Referring to the claims that would be handed to the United Nations, he said: “All these are proclamations of China’s sovereignty.” China, he said, “will take tit-for-tat measures to protect our territory as the situation develops.”

Chinese navy to keep peace and stability of Indian Ocean

‎Saturday, ‎December ‎15, ‎2012, ‏‎10:23:28 PM | adminGo to full article
2012-12-15 — The peace and stability of the Indian Ocean bear upon that of the world. The freedom and safety of the navigation in the Indian Ocean play a very important role in the recovery and development of global economy and the Chinese navy will actively maintain the peace and stability of the Indian Ocean, Vice Admiral Su Zhiqian, commander of the East China Sea Fleet under the Navy of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA), stated in Galle, a coastal city in the south of Sri Lanka, on December 13, 2012.
Su Zhiqian made the above remarks at the “Galle Dialogue 2012” conference inaugurated on the very day. Naval delegations from 28 countries including Sri Lanka, India, China, Japan, Australia, the U.S., UK and France attended the conference to discuss how to ensure the freedom and safety of navigation in the Indian Ocean.
Su Zhiqian said that the Chinese navy is a staunch force in safeguarding the world peace and an active advocate and implementer of the idea of constructing a “harmonious ocean”. China is expecting to carry out more extensive and in-depth maritime security cooperation with the navies of various countries through this “Galle Dialogue” so as to make due contributions to and play an active role in maintaining the peace and stability of the Indian Ocean as well as the world at large.
He made a proposal on actively holding bilateral and multilateral dialogues to improve strategic mutual trust, seek to establish a code of conduct for the navies from various countries to carry out maritime security cooperation under the premise of respect for each country’s sovereignty and maritime interests, and gradually expand the scope of maritime security cooperation by dealing with such non-traditional security threats as maritime terrorism, natural disasters and others as the breakthrough points.
Gota, permanent secretary of the Sri Lankan Ministry of Defense, stated at the opening ceremony that the Indian Ocean is currently facing threats of terrorism, piracy, waste disposal, illegal fishing and smuggling of drugs and weapons. At the same time, the Indian Ocean region is frequently affected by natural disasters. Located at the central position of the Indian Ocean, Sri Lanka will actively promote cooperation with all relevant parties in a bid to ensure the security of the Indian Ocean waters.
The “Galle Dialogue” is held by Sri Lanka, an island country in the Indian Ocean, with a purpose to promote exchanges and cooperation in this region. This is the third meeting ever held with participating countries increased from 10 in 2010 to 28 this year.

Chinese Chang’e-2 space probe flies by asteroid Toutatis

‎Saturday, ‎December ‎15, ‎2012, ‏‎10:18:42 PM | adminGo to full article
2012-12-15 — China’s space probe Chang’e-2 has successfully conducted a maneuver in which it flew by the asteroid Toutatis, about seven million km away from the Earth.
Travelling in deep space, Chang’e-2 made the flyby on Dec. 13 at 16:30:09 Beijing Time (08:30″09 GMT), the State Administration of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense (SASTIND) announced on Saturday.
The flyby was the first time an unmanned spacecraft launched from Earth has taken such a close viewing of the asteroid, named after a Celtic god.
It also made China the fourth country after the United States, the European Union and Japan to be able to examine an asteroid by spacecraft.
Chang’e-2 came as close as 3.2 km from Toutatis and took pictures of the asteroid at a relative velocity of 10.73 km per second, the SASTIND said in a statement.
Sources with the administration told Xinhua that Chang’e-2 is continuing its deep space travel and will reach a distance of more than 10 million km away from Earth in January next year.
Chang’e-2 was launched on Oct. 1, 2010 from Xichang Satellite Launch Center and later orbited the moon to finish a more extensive probe than its predecessor Chang’e-1.
Chang’e-2 left its lunar orbit for an extended mission to the Earth-Sun L2 Lagrangian point on June 9, 2011, after finishing its lunar objectives, which collected data for a complete lunar map.
The probe departed from L2 this year and began its mission to Toutatis.

Since its blast-off, Chang’e 2 has scored several records: being the first to capture full coverage map of the moon with a resolution of seven meters; being the first object ever to reach the L2 point directly from lunar orbit; and being the first to closely observe the asteroid Toutatis.
China early this year published a full coverage map of the moon, as well as several high-resolution images of the celestial body, captured by Chang’e-2. The resolution of the images is 17 times greater than those taken by Chang’e-1.
“The success of the extended missions also embodies that China now possesses spacecraft capable of interplanetary flight,” said Wu Weiren, chief designer of China’s lunar probe program.
Chang’e-2′s extended missions, which were conducted millions of km away from Earth, have tested China’s spacecraft tracking and control network, including two newly built measuring and control stations in the northwest Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and northeast Heilongjiang province, according to the SASTIND.
However, China still belongs to the second tier in lunar probe internationally, said Ouyang Ziyuan, chief scientist for China’s lunar orbiter project, adding that the Unites States and Russia are still leading nations in this field.
Wu Weiren stressed international cooperation in lunar probe, saying it is a shared responsibility of world scientists to work together in lunar and deep space exploration for the common good of the human race.

Silent Killer: Chinese QCW-05 suppressed submachine gun

‎Saturday, ‎December ‎15, ‎2012, ‏‎3:12:52 AM | adminGo to full article
2012-12-15 — The Type QCW-05 suppressed submachine gun is manufactured and developed by the People’s Liberation Army 208 Research Institute and Jianshe Industries (Group) Corporation of Chongqing under the China South Industries Group for the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), the People’s Liberation Army Special Operations Forces and the People’s Armed Police. This weapon is designed for the 5.8 X 21 mm DCV05[1] sub-sonic round that is also used by the QSW-06 Silenced Pistol.
In this video, you will be surprised about the “Silence” of QCW-05 submachine gun, which compares with Type 95 assault rifle. According to Chinese “Small Arms” magazine, when using 5.8 X 21 mm DV05 subsonic rounds, the peak sound pressure level on 2 meters away the muzzle is 116 db, 11 db lower than Type 85 suppressed submachine gun.