Thursday, December 27, 2012

China Defense Mashup

‎Yesterday, ‎December ‎26, ‎2012, ‏‎4:07:14 AM | adminGo to full article
2012-12-25 (China Military News by China-defense-mashup) — According to People Daily, on Dec. 11, Chinese ZKHC Technology Promotion Center held a seminar & project briefing meeting in Beijing to introduce a so-called “superconducting no-axis gyro air and space vehicles” technology. Chinese medias says that this new technology can be widely used in military and space exploration. The introduction of this new space vehicle indicates that China is developing UFO which once appeared in sci-fi movies.
The basic theory of “superconducting no-axis gyro air and space vehicles” can be described as follow: After the maglev rotor turns, the speed signal was fed back to center motor via upper- stator winding, and by repeatedly liter frequency (positive feedback speed control), the signal will be loaded to upper-stator-armature to let rotor reach maximum speed. The below-stator and inner-stator raised frequency to necessary electromagnetic wave (e.g., microwave, visible light, X-ray, etc.) and emit them to reach remote cutting, scanning, detection, and the air ejection navigation purposes.
Besides, the N pole of the rotor poles through a certain magnetic gap and is rotated counterclockwise manner to stator conductors to provide dynamic lateral magnetic field for below-stator conductor. The magnetic field will generate left-hand Lorentz force and synthesize the overall upward floating force.
Xu Dingming, Counselor of the State Council and the former director of National Energy Administration, says that this new technology has great significance, and the results of this research and development is also worth concentrated on studying the new results.
With conventional air and space vehicles, China is always finding innovation and even revolutionary concepts. One Chinese expert Cheng Xiangyu (程翔宇) once publish a paper named as “A brief analysis of the U.S. anti-gravity device operating principle and technical bottlenecks”. In this paper, he analysed U.S. anti-gravity device’s basic structure and functions of the composition by secret information achieved by hacker Gary McKinnon. he believed that therefore it is suspected that U.S. anti-gravity device was produced by electromagnetic eruption principles. In the latter part of the paper, some current technical bottlenecks of the anti-gravity device are analyzed, and he finally strongly recommended China to pay more in-depth studying in this area.

A brief history of Chinese laser-guided bombs

‎Yesterday, ‎December ‎26, ‎2012, ‏‎12:05:33 AM | adminGo to full article
2012-12-25 (China Military News by China-defense-mashup) — China began to develop laser-guided bombs after United States’ Vietnam War. From the late 1970s, China began to study laser-guided bombs. With the development of ammunition technology, laser-guided bombs now have become one of the major equipment of the PLA aerial precision-guided weapons. The history of Chinese laser-guided bombs has experienced three stages from simple “reverse engineering” to independent R&D.
Type 7712 laser-guided bombs
China’s first generation of laser-guided bombs was Type 7712, which started to research in 1977. Type 7712′s overall structure copied U.S. “Paveway I” guided bomb, using low resistance elastomer and folding stable wing with installation of aero stab seeker. In front of the bomb body, there are control part and attitude adjustment pneumatic rudder. The aero stab laser seeker in the trajectory of the bomb body will measure the deviation of the reflected laser seeker declination on the vector control system in accordance with the deviation of the value and direction of the formation of the control signal recovery velocity vector of the target point, folding stable wing control bomb delivery envelope.
7712 laser-guided bomb uses a 500 kg high explosive shell, the bomb length is 3.68 m (containing seeker) diameter is 0.38 me and a full weigh of 490 kilograms. Type 7712 guided bombs loading requirements are same with ordinary 500 kg bomb, shows excellent adaptability with fighter and attack aircraft. The laser-guided radiation device can use airborne, handheld or vehicle-based laser illuminator. Type 7712 has tree bombing ways: level bomb, to Upward bomb and dive bomb, the different ways the bombing altitude of 900 to 7000 m, 100 to 1000 m and from 1000 to 6000 m, the aircraft flight speed range is from 700 to 1200 km/hour. The 7712 laser-guided bomb seeker uses 1.064μm laser wavelength, can be used in all weather conditions. The seeker can capture a field of view of 25 degrees, Seeker capture distance is 4 km and guided distance can not be less than 3 kilometers, the guidance precision is (CEP) 5 meters.

LT-2 guided bomb
Since 1985, Type 7712 guided bomb began to airdrop shooting test. In the live launch test, Type 7712 guided bombs successfully tested laser-guided seeker and missile-borne control system, basically reached the standard design, and the overall structure of the design and most of the test data to meet the design requirements. The successful test of 7712 laser-guided bombs means China reached the level of U.S. in the early 1970s, but still there is a lack of the seeker precision and anti-jamming capability. Besides, the 7712′s hit precision can not reach the requirements of the design specifications, and the design has begun to lag behind in the early 1990s. The 7712 laser-guided bomb ultimately did not enter PLA, but play role of providing a good foundation for the development of the follow-up project.
Successful development of second-generation laser-guided bombs
After the termination of 7712 project, China began to develop more advanced LT-2 guided bomb. The LT-2 are in the same 500 kg level bombs, but similar to the Soviet Union KAB-5090L. LT-2 still used aero stab seeker, but the control wing of the bomb with a conventional tail yaw rudder control mode, which is different with western front canard airframe control wing.
The LT-2 project began in 1997 and finalized in October 2004, then entered the large-scale service period. Almost all of PLA Air Force new generation fighters can use LT-2 guided bombs. The LT-2′s shape and structure is very close to KAB-500L, but LT-2 has a smaller size and lighter weight with using Chinese 500 kg level bomb. LT-2′s seeker is similar to the 7712 type, but the sensitivity and the guide accuracy significantly exceeds. Compared to 7712, LT-2′s largest improvement is the hit accuracy. LT-2′s success can be seen as a reference for domestic technology based on the results of the KAB-500L. LT-2 laser-guided bombs are more successful in the technical and cost, but this type of bomb design has obvious disadvantages of the air-drop height restrictions and short range, and low hit accuracy in attacking moving targets.
China’s fourth-generation laser-guided bombs
China’s fourth generation of laser-guided bombs almost followed by the cutting-edge products in the world. The LT-3 which was demonstrated in Zhuhai Airshow has applied with the most advanced design concepts: the bomb guidance system is divided into laser seeker and the INS/GPS guided kits to meet the accuracy requirements under different battle-field conditions. LT-3 can achieve the true sense of the “fire-and-forget”, to help combat aircraft realize long-distance attack by INS/GPS guidance system.

LT-3 bomb
LT-3 is 3.58 meters in length and 0.38 m in diameter, increased weight of 74 kg compared to LT-2, but still adopt to the PLA fighters. LT-3 has a JDAM-similar size wing and external hanging bomb device , significantly improves the structure of production and reserves conditions of the guided bombs. LT-3, in theory, no longer requires specialized bomb but directly transform different level of conventional bombs into guided ammunitions by using of different guidance kits. By increasing the folding wing glider, LT-3′s range can be greatly increased, even when the high-altitude bombing conditional range increased to more than 50 kilometers. Compared to the LT-2, LT-3 also improves fitness for not only tactical aircraft but also medium H-6 bomber internal bomb bay to carry LT-3 bombs.
After 25 years, China’s Laser-guided bomb has made great success. LT-2 is likely to become China’s last pure laser-guided bombs. China can not only provide high-performance laser-guided bombs, but develop world’s most advanced multi-methods guided ammunition for its armed forces. With the development of China’s “Beidou” navigation satellite system, the Chinese guided bomb technology inevitably will enter a new era.

Some foggy pics of Chinese Y-20 Airlifter

‎Monday, ‎December ‎24, ‎2012, ‏‎12:53:01 AM | adminGo to full article
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‘first island chain’ could restrict Chinese PLA navy

‎Sunday, ‎December ‎23, ‎2012, ‏‎10:40:13 PM | adminGo to full article
2012-12-24 — Perched on a narrow promontory jutting off Taiwan’s heavily industrialized northeastern coast, the Suao naval base is only 220 kilometers (140 miles) from a rocky group of islets at the center of a bitter territorial dispute between Japan and China.
Along with Taiwan, the islets — called the Diaoyutai in China and Senkaku in Japan — form part of what military strategists call the “first island chain.” The string of islands and atolls extends along China’s eastern periphery from South Korea to the southern Philippines, taking in a number of other disputed territories — notably the Paracel and Spratly islands in the South China Sea.
While most explanations for the territorial disputes focus on nationalistic pride and access to rich fishing grounds or potentially large reserves of oil and gas, the first island chain once figured prominently in strategic calculations — and some say still has strategic relevance today.
Military interest in the chain dates from at least the 1920s, when American planners concluded it could play a key role in helping the U.S. defend against rising Japanese militarism. After the communist victory in the Chinese civil war in 1949, Washington came to regard the chain as an important vehicle for containing Chinese military expansion, with special emphasis on Taiwan’s role in it. U.S. Gen. Douglas MacArthur called the island “an unsinkable aircraft carrier,” whose position 160 kilometers (100 miles) off China gave it the ability to project power all along the mainland’s eastern coast.
MacArthur’s doctrine helped focus Beijing’s attention on the chain’s strategic value. Admiral Liu Huaqing, head of the Chinese navy from 1982 to 1986, saw control of the waters within its boundaries as the first step in a three-stage strategy to transform the navy into a formidable platform for projecting Chinese power. The next stage, he wrote, involved controlling a second island chain linking the Ogasawara Islands — including Iwo Jima — with Guam and Indonesia, while the third stage focused on ending American dominance throughout the Pacific and Indian oceans, largely by deploying aircraft carriers in the region.
Contemporary analysts are divided on whether the chain has lost its strategic relevance, notwithstanding the rapid expansion of the Chinese navy. Skeptics say that China’s acquisition of advanced, longer-range missiles means it can defend itself from its own shores, though the island chain still creates vulnerable chokepoints for Chinese vessels heading to sea.
“In my view, technology is diminishing the relevance of geographic strategy,” former American military attache in Beijing Mark Stokes said in an email. “For example, the ability to strike moving targets at sea from southeast China at extended ranges reduces the need for cruise missile platforms closer to sea lines.”
This view was echoed by Shanghai University of Law and Political Science military affairs expert Ni Lexiong.

China sharply attacks U.S. Alliance With Japan and F-16 Sales to Taiwan

‎Sunday, ‎December ‎23, ‎2012, ‏‎10:33:47 PM | adminGo to full article
2012-12-24 — The nomination of Senator John Kerry as the new U.S. secretary of state has been warmly received by China, but the state-run news media on the mainland has sharply attacked the passage of a new military spending bill that is awaiting President Obama’s signature.
Two amendments to the $633 billion bill have drawn particular scorn from Beijing, which has unleashed a series of scathing articles and editorials in the state-run news media.
One provision in the bill says “the United States takes no position on the ultimate sovereignty of the Senkaku islands,” but endorses Japan’s administration of the fiercely disputed islands.
A commentary by Xinhua, the official Chinese news agency, called the amendment “a gross violation of China’s sovereign rights.”
The uninhabited islets, located in the East China Sea, are known in China as the Diaoyu islands. They are claimed by China, Japan and Taiwan, all of whom have conducted provocative naval patrols around the islands.
When a Chinese military surveillance plane overflew the islands two weeks ago, Japan scrambled fighter jets in response. The next day, an editorial in Global Times, a mainland newspaper tied to the Chinese Communist Party, said the overflight “marks the beginning of China’s air surveillance” of the islands.
“The situation could easily veer into a serious military clash,” the paper said, warning that “if Tokyo keeps on intercepting Chinese patrol planes, such a confrontation is bound to happen sooner or later.”
Shinzo Abe, expected to be sworn in this week as the new Japanese prime minister, has suggested he might send government workers or Coast Guard personnel to occupy the islands, a move that would complete a worrisome air-land-sea trifecta.
The new military spending bill, known as the 2013 National Defense Authorization Act, was passed in both houses of Congress by wide margins.
Its amendment on the islands reaffirms Washington’s commitment to a bilateral security alliance with Tokyo, and says in part, “The unilateral actions of a third party will not affect the United States acknowledgement” of Tokyo’s de facto control of the islands.
“In an apparent move to bolster Japan’s unwarranted claims, the document goes even further to say that the U.S.-Japan security treaty applies to the dispute, should the islands come under attack,” said an editorial in Monday’s editions of the state-run newspaper China Daily. “This is a blatant violation of China’s sovereign rights.
“The U.S. meddling in the dispute over the Diaoyu islands is detrimental to regional peace and stability,” the paper said, “as it will only embolden the increasingly rightist Japan.”
The other provision of the bill that has angered China expresses congressional support for the sale of dozens of new F-16 C/D fighter jets to Taiwan. The amendment, offered by Rep. Kay Granger, a Texas Republican, refers to Taiwan as “our key strategic ally in the Pacific.”
“Our support for a democratic Taiwan is consistent with our national security priorities in the region,” Ms. Granger said in a statement on her official Web site. “It also demonstrates that we stand by our friends and allies no matter where the threats are from.”
China opposes all arms sales to Taiwan, which it considers to be a breakaway province.
“The U.S. arms sales to Taiwan, an inalienable part of China, are the most sensitive issue standing in the way of bilateral ties,” China Daily said. “Any mishandling of the issue could derail what is widely seen as the most important bilateral relationship in the world.”
The Obama administration declined last year to sell 66 new F-16s to Taiwan but did approve $5.3 billion in upgrades to the island’s 20-year-old fleet of American-made combat aircraft.
Senator John Cornyn of Texas assailed that refusal, saying at the time that the “capitulation to Communist China by the Obama administration marks a sad day in American foreign policy, and it represents a slap in the face to a strong ally and longtime friend.”
For China, the upgrades were insult enough, and Beijing summoned the American ambassador and military attaché to register a “strong protest” over what Xinhua called a “despicable breach of faith in international relations.”
Another similar response — official outrage, an ambassadorial summons and the like — is certainly possible again if Mr. Obama signs the 2013 bill, which could be this week.
“This is a kind of ritual, and all the players know their roles,” Yawei Liu, director of the China Program at the Carter Center in Atlanta, told my colleague Andrew Jacobs. “There is a script they follow and then hope things cool down so they can return to business as usual.”
Xinhua said in a signed commentary by Zhi Linfei that the two new amendments, which are not binding on Mr. Obama, are “set to cause harm to China-U.S. relations at a sensitive time of political transition in both countries.”
The Xinhua commentary concluded this way:
The history of the past four decades has clearly demonstrated that China and the U.S. can break the curse of zero-sum game between a sitting power and an emerging power, through building a cooperative partnership based on mutual respect and benefit.
So, it’s advisable for the Obama administration to reject the two amendments and continue to honor its commitment to building a new type of inter-power relationship with China, by respecting China’s vital interests, enhancing strategic mutual trust and handling differences properly.
Meanwhile, the reception for Senator Kerry’s nomination has been far less contentious across Greater China.
Greg Torode, the veteran foreign affairs columnist for The South China Morning Post in Hong Kong, wrote that Mr. Kerry has “forged a reputation as an intelligent pro-engagement pragmatist.”
“He backed the congressional push behind China’s landmark entry into the World Trade Organization and was a key early driver in Washington’s normalization of ties with its old enemy, Vietnam.
“And how he juggles Obama’s priorities of boosting ties with both Beijing and a wary region at the same time will be a key early test of his skills.”

‘Hongze Lake’ ship, China’s first supply ship

‎Sunday, ‎December ‎23, ‎2012, ‏‎10:26:46 PM | adminGo to full article
2012-12-24 — The “Hongze Lake” ship (hull number 881) is the earliest large oceangoing comprehensive supply ship of the North China Sea Fleet under the Navy of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA). Measuring 180 meters in length with a water displacement of 22,000 tons, it was first named as “Taicang” ship after its commissioning in 1981 and then changed to “Hongze Lake” ship with hull number 881 in July 2002.
The “Hongze Lake” ship is mainly responsible for the accompanying support and replenishment of fuel, drummed lubricants, fresh water, soft water and part of refrigerated foods during its voyage with the oceangoing ship formation. It can carry out three-dimensional replenishment on two sides, at its three supply stations and in the four directions under complex sea conditions, and it is a real “ocean floating supply base”.
Since its commissioning, the “Hongze Lake” ship has successively carried out combat-duty-support missions for more than 10 times in the waters of the Nansha Islands, participated in many major exercises and drills including the first joint maritime drill of Chinese and French navies, the first joint maritime drill on non-traditional security of the Chinese and British navies and the first joint maritime drill of the Chinese and Australian navies, and visited 25 countries successively.
The “Hongze Lake” ship set 16 records of the PLA Navy by successfully completing the PLA Navy’s first 132-day-long round-the-world navigation with a total voyage of 33,000 nautical miles from May to September of 2002, and passing through the Panama Canal for the first time.
Due to its outstanding performance in various joint maritime drills of the PLA navy and foreign navies, the “Hongze Lake” ship is hailed as “China’s first supply ship”.

Nuclear plant will bring more power to Chinese people

‎Sunday, ‎December ‎23, ‎2012, ‏‎10:24:45 PM | adminGo to full article
2012-12-24 — Comprehensive studies conducted after the disaster in Fukushima will help ensure safety and high standards, Jiang Xueqing reports from Shenzhen and Wu Wencong from Beijing.
The meltdowns at a Japanese nuclear plant last year sent shock waves across the world.
Beijing suspended approval of new nuclear power projects following the massive earthquake and tsunami in March 2011, that triggered a radiation leak at Japan’s Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant.
But now China’s nuclear program is getting back on track.
The Ministry of Environmental Protection heralded this development in late November with two announcements: The Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant in East China’s Zhejiang province will launch a flood-control project, and the Tianwan Nuclear Power Plant in Jiangsu province, also in East China, will build two nuclear power reactor units.
The State Council passed the Nuclear Power Safety Plan (2011-20) and the Mid- and Long-Term Development Plan for Nuclear Power (2011-20) on Oct 24. Eight days earlier, it approved the 12th Five-Year Plan (2011-15) for Nuclear Safety and Radioactive Pollution Prevention and Vision for 2020. These three documents paved the way for the nation to relaunch its nuclear power projects.
Fifteen nuclear power reactors had entered service by the end of 2011, with a total installed capacity of 12.54 million kilowatts. Another 26, still under construction, were designed with a combined installed capacity of 29.24 million kW, the largest in the world. The country’s installed nuclear power capacity is expected to reach 40 million kW by 2015, according to China’s Energy Policy 2012 published by the Information Office of the State Council on Oct 24.
“It takes about five years to build a nuclear power generating unit,” said Pu Jilong, a senior expert in nuclear and radiation safety and former deputy general manager of China Guangdong Nuclear Power Holding Co. “Now that the government has started ratifying new nuclear power projects, if four units are approved each year, the total installed capacity is likely to reach 60 million kW by 2020.”
This estimate falls way below the target of a total installed capacity of 80 million kW by 2020 suggested by many experts in the nuclear power industry before the Fukushima accident. According to State Council requirement, China will resume normal construction of nuclear power facilities in a steady and orderly fashion and at a reasonable pace.
In the wake of the Fukushima accident, the central government gathered experts in nuclear safety, seismology and oceanography. They spent nine months examining the safety of 41 nuclear power reactors nationwide that are either in full operation or under construction. The experts also inspected three units awaiting construction, as well as all civilian research reactors and nuclear fuel cycle facilities.
Meeting the standards
The inspections found that the country’s nuclear power plants meet the latest standards set by Chinese laws and regulations on nuclear safety and those of the International Atomic Energy Agency. The plants have been designed to prevent and offer relief during serious accidents, to control risks and to ensure safety.
However, some problems were detected during the inspections. A small number of nuclear power plants failed to meet the new standards on flood-control capacity; some reactors used in civil research and nuclear fuel cycle facilities didn’t meet the standards on earthquake resistance capacity; some had failed to draw up or enact rules and procedures to prevent and offer relief during serious accidents; and the operators in general were weak at evaluating and coping with tsunamis.
The relevant government departments and companies acted to rectify the problems. The National Nuclear Safety Administration issued a list of general technical standards for safety improvements, covering eight major factors, including flood control, emergency water replenishment, mobile power supply and radiation monitoring.
For example, under the technical standards, each nuclear power plant with two or more reactors sited 5 km apart should be equipped with at least two diesel generators. They may also choose other types of mobile generators to provide temporary power in emergencies.
A mobile power supply should carry sufficient fuel to run for at least four hours continuously at full power and be able to run for at least 72 hours after refueling. It must be stored in a structure capable of resisting an earthquake one degree above the nuclear plant’s designed level of seismic intensity.
In addition to upgrading nuclear safety standards, the nation will also boost the technological advancement of key equipment, such as Generation III reactors, and widen the application of the latest equipment, as required by China’s Energy Policy 2012.

PLA senior officers banned from holding alcohol-fuelled banquets

‎Sunday, ‎December ‎23, ‎2012, ‏‎4:57:18 AM | adminGo to full article
2012-12-23 — China has banned senior military officers from holding alcohol-fuelled banquets or from staying in luxury hotels when on work trips.
The decision was the latest move by Xi Jinping, the vice president of the Communist Party, to fight corruption, state media reported on Saturday.
Receptions will also no longer feature welcome banners, red carpets, flowers, honour guards, performances or souvenirs, the powerful Central Military Commission, which Xi oversees, has decreed, major newspapers reported.
Officers will have to cut back on both the number and length of inspection tours, overseas visits, meetings and reports, according to the new rules.
Speakers at meetings should avoid “empty talk”, while the use of vehicles equipped with sirens will be “rigorously controlled during official visits in order to prevent public disturbances”.
“Additionally, commission officials are required to discipline their spouses, children and subordinates and make sure they do not take bribes.”
The rules echo similar demands made of party officials by Xi earlier this month.
“It gives the signal that officials in China are serious about getting rid of the appearance of corruption and abuse of office,” Gordon Chang, an expert on China, told Al Jazeera.
“But really, this is just cosmetic and doesn’t deal with the fundamental issues. I think the Chinese people will see through this. Of course it’s a step in the right direction, but it’s a very small step.”
String of scandals
The party, which has shown no sign of giving up its tight grip on power, has struggled to contain public anger at a seemingly endless stream of corruption scandals, particularly when officials are seen as abusing their posts to amass wealth.
China intensified a crackdown on rampant corruption in the military in the late 1990s, banning the People’s Liberation Army from engaging in business.
But it has crept back in recent years due to a lack of transparency, checks and balances and perceived moral decay.
A senior officer, Lieutenant General Gu Junshan, was sacked earlier this year in what Hong Kong media have said would be the biggest military corruption scandal since the Communists swept to power in 1949, though details have not been officially announced.
Xi, who takes over as president from Hu Jintao at the annual meeting of parliament in March, warned shortly after becoming party boss that the country risked unrest if graft were not tackled.

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