25 Jul 1943: USS Harmon (DE 678) was launched
On 25 July 1943, the first US Navy ship named for an African-American, USS Harmon (DE 678) was launched. USS Harmon was named in honor of Mess Attendant First Class Leonard Roy Harmon who posthumously received the Navy Cross for heroic actions trying to save a shipmate on board USS San Francisco (CA-38) during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal on 13 November 1942. Harmon was decommissioned in March 1947 and remained inactive. She was sold for scrapping in January 1967.
26 July 1948: President Truman desegregates the Armed Services
27 Jul 1953: Korean War Armistice was signed at Panmunjon
28 July 1861: USS St. Lawrence captured the schooner Petrel
On 28 July 1861, during the Civil War, the frigate St. Lawrence spotted a schooner flying English colors and gave chase. Some four hours later, as she was overhauling the schooner, the fleeing vessel ran up the Confederate flag and fired three shots. Firing with her forecastle battery, St. Lawrence hit the vessel twice, once in her bow. Survivors from the sunken vessel revealed it had been the Confederate privateer, Petrel.
29 Jul 1967: Explosions on board USS Forrestal (CVA 59)
30 Jul 1945: Loss of USS Indianapolis (CA 35)
31 July 1874: USS Intrepid was commissioned