Wednesday, October 23, 2013

This Day in Naval History

23 Oct 1864: Blockade Runner Flamingo destroyed by US Navy

On 23 October 1864, during the Civil War, the blockade-runner Flamingo, which was run aground off Sullivan’s Island, South Carolina, was destroyed by shell fire from Fort Strong and Putnam, Battery Chatfield, and ships of Rear Admiral John A. Dahlgren’s South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. Note, before being sunk, she made numerous successful runs.

24 Oct 1862: USS Baron de Kalb engages Confederate scouting party

On 24 Oct 1862, a landing party from iron-clad river gunboat Baron de Kalb, commanded by Captain Winslow landed at Hopefeld, Arkansas, and engaged a small Confederate scouting party. On mounted horses, which were procured, as Captain Winslow reported, “by impressments,” the sailors then engaged in a 9 mile running fight, ending with the capture of the Confederate party.

25 Oct 1813: USS Congress burned the British merchant ship Rose

On 25 October 1813, USS Congress, commanded by John Smith, captured and burned the British Merchant ship Rose in the Atlantic off Brazil.

26 Oct 1966: Fire on board USS Oriskany (CVA 34)      

On 26 October 1966, during her second Vietnam War deployment, tragedy struck USS Oriskany (CVA 34) when a fire erupted on the starboard side of the ship's forward hangar bay and raced through five decks, killing 44 members of her crew and air group. Repaired in the US, Oriskany returned to duty in Vietnam in mid-1967 and rendered assistance to USS Forrestal (CV 59) when Forrestal also suffered a major fire on 29 July 1967. NHHC remembers and salutes the crew!

27 Oct 1812: USS Essex departs to attack British whaling industry

On 27 October 1812, during the War of 1812, the frigate Essex, commanded by Captain David Porter departed Delaware capes on a cruise into the Pacific Ocean around Cape Horn for attacks on the British whaling industry. In response, the British sent a squadron consisting of HMS Phoebe and HMS Cherub to capture Essex. In March 1814, the British ships captured Essex off Valparaiso, Chile.

28 Oct 1812: USS Argus captures British merchant brig Fly

On 28 October 1812, during the War of 1812, the brig Argus, commanded by Arthur Sinclair, captured the British merchant brig Fly in the North Atlantic.

29 Oct 1814: USS Fulton was launched

On 29 October 1814, the first steam-powered U.S. Navy warship, Fulton, was launched at New York City. Commissioned in June 1816, she carried President James Monroe on a day cruise in New York Harbor a year later. For her career, she was either laid up or, after 1825, employed as a floating barracks. On 4 June 1829, Fulton was destroyed by a gunpowder explosion.

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