Monday, November 30, 2015

HMAS Canberra conducts first Replenishment at Sea during FCP15

HMAS Sirius alongside HMAS Canberra during a replenishment at sea evolution as part of the Fleet Concentration Period East 2015. (photo: ABIS Chantell Brown)
HMAS Sirius alongside HMAS Canberra during a replenishment at sea evolution as part of the Fleet Concentration Period East 2015.

November 30, 2015 - Less than one year after its commissioning, HMAS Canberra has conducted its first Replenishment at Sea evolution, in company with HMAS Sirius. 
The Replenishment at Sea evolution involves the transfer of fuel from a supply ship to a receiving ship. The refuelling evolution was completed as the ships maintained their focus on warfare activities, as a part of Fleet Concentration Period East 15 (FCP East 15). 
Commanding Officer of HMAS Canberra, Captain Chris Smith said he believed the two ships to be the largest Royal Australian Navy vessels to have ever undertaken a replenishment at sea together.
The refuelling evolution was a challenge for both the navigation and seamanship teams, as the two ships sailed within 60 metres of each other to complete the fuel transfer.
Chief Petty Officer Shand said he appreciated the opportunity to advance the ship's capability.
"This is what we train for and it is great to be able to finally put it into practice," Chief Petty Officer Shand said.
"This is not an easy task and it requires close communication with the navigation team, who are sailing the ship."
Up on the bridge, Sub Lieutenant Ben Couch managed the challenge of navigating the course for the refuelling, while remaining mindful of the evolving scenario of the warfare exercise for FCP East 15.
"Having to coordinate multiple tasks is demanding, but this is why we train so extensively, to make sure we can conduct them professionally," Sub Lieutenant Couch said. 
"At the end of the day, the skills of our people and the capability of the ship need to be ready to respond to any situation the Government may require and sometimes that means doing two things at once." 
Canberra is the largest of twelve ships and submarines and three Navy aviation squadrons that are completing important task group training during FCP East 15.
The objective of the exercise is to assist in developing a fleet that is capable of multiple ship, Task Group level Joint Expeditionary Operations.

US Navy Awards $25M Maintenance Contract for USS Forrest Sherman

US Navy
November 18, 2015 - BAE Systems has received a $25.2 million competitively awarded contract from the U.S. Navy to perform repair, maintenance, and modernization services for the USS Forrest Sherman (DDG 98), an Arleigh Burke-class guided missile destroyer.
The availability of the Forrest Sherman is scheduled to begin in January 2016 and conclude in July 2016. The scope of work under the firm fixed price contract includes drydocking the 509.5-foot-long ship, mechanical and electrical repairs, underwater hull preservation, propulsion system maintenance, and various modernization work. The contract contains options, which, if exercised, could bring its total value to $26.7 million.

BAE Systems Team Awarded Development Contract for U.S. Marine Corps ACV 1.1 Program

BAE Systems was awarded a U.S. Marine Corps contract for the Engineering, Manufacturing, and Development phase of the Amphibious Combat Vehicle 1.1 program. (Photo: BAE Systems)
BAE Systems was awarded a U.S. Marine Corps contract for the Engineering, Manufacturing, and Development phase of the Amphibious Combat Vehicle 1.1 program. (Photo: BAE Systems)

Sterling Heights MI November 24, 2015 - The U.S. Marine Corps has awarded BAE Systems’ team a contract worth $103.7 million for the Engineering, Manufacturing, and Development (EMD) phase of the Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV) 1.1 program. The company, along with teammate IVECO Defence Vehicles, will deliver a solution that will be built from the ground up to be an amphibious vehicle and will provide significant capability improvements to satisfy the Marine Corps’ current and future needs.
“Our vehicle was designed to be fully amphibious with exceptional ground mobility and protection. Our ACV solution will provide the Marine Corps with a mature, cost-effective solution with significant growth capacity.”
“We are proud to continue our long history of providing the Marine Corps with superior amphibious capabilities,” said Deepak Bazaz, director of new and amphibious vehicles at BAE Systems. “Our vehicle was designed to be fully amphibious with exceptional ground mobility and protection. Our ACV solution will provide the Marine Corps with a mature, cost-effective solution with significant growth capacity.”
The award is one of two EMD contracts issued. During this phase, BAE Systems will produce 16 prototypes that will be tested by the Marine Corps beginning in the third quarter of 2016. Work on the vehicles will take place at BAE Systems’ facilities in Quantico, Virginia; San Jose, California; and York, Pennsylvania.
BAE Systems’ ACV 1.1 solution is an advanced 8x8 open ocean-capable vehicle that is based on a platform developed by IVECO Defence Vehicles. It is equipped with a new 6-cylinder, 700HP power pack, which provides a significant power increase over the current Assault Amphibious Vehicle. The vehicle performs best in class mobility in all terrains and has a suspended interior seat structure for 13 embarked Marines, blast mitigating positions for a crew of three, and improved survivability and force protection over currently fielded systems. The team has conducted extensive risk mitigation testing and evaluation for swim, land mobility, and survivability capabilities that have proven the solution’s capabilities.

Spirit begins production of the Royal Australian Air Force's First P-8A

Wichita November 20, 2015 - Spirit AeroSystems Inc. has begun production of the Royal Australian Air Force's (RAAF) first production P-8A aircraft. Spirit started production on the 737 military derivative in October. With major assembly now underway, the first unit is scheduled to deliver to Boeing in early 2016.

"Spirit is proud to be on the P-8A program providing this important capability to the Royal Australian Air Force," said Duane Hawkins, Spirit senior vice president of Boeing, Defense & Regional Jet Programs. "Spirit has a unique capability to build military specific aircraft in the same 737 commercial production line that is producing 42 airplanes a month. We are able to use decades of experience building the 737 on military derivative programs, which makes the P-8A more affordable and the highest quality possible."
The P-8A program is using a first-in-industry production process and its existing Next-Generation 737 production system to efficiently design and build P-8 aircraft. Spirit is responsible for building 70 percent of the 737 aircraft. The 737-800 fuselage receives military specific in-line modifications before it is sent to Boeing's final assembly facility in Renton, Wash., where all aircraft structural features unique to the P-8A are incorporated in sequence during fabrication and assembly.
AIRCDRE Adam Brown visited Spirit to see the in-line modifications on the first Australian P-8A.
"Our new P-8 will be the first of a new generation of maritime surveillance for Australia.  We're particularly excited and proud to get what we think is the best maritime patrol aircraft in the world coming to service in our air force," said RAAF Air Commodore Adam Brown.
Australia has agreed to purchase eight P-8A aircraft. The U.S. Navy is currently under contract with Boeing for 62 P-8As to replace its P-3 fleet and has delivered 31 aircraft to date. Boeing has also completed its initial contract with India to provide eight P-8I long-range maritime reconnaissance and anti-submarine warfare aircraft to the Indian Navy.

Raytheon takes next step toward defining Multi-Object Kill Vehicle concept

Tucson November 20, 2015 - Raytheon Company completed the first Program Planning Review with the U.S. Missile Defense Agency on the future Multi-Object Kill Vehicle (MOKV) concept, a key step toward defining critical aspects of its design.
Raytheon Company is developing a Multi-Object Kill Vehicle that will simultaneously defeat a number of ballistic missile threats in space. The company's cutting-edge approach represents the next generation of technology in kill vehicles.
The milestone is a critical part of the Concept Development Phase. It's designed to ensure Raytheon is aligned with the MDA's expectations and on track for a Concept Review in December.
"Emerging threats demand a new engagement paradigm – one the Raytheon team is able to fully support with our depth of experience and breadth of capability," said Dr. Thomas Bussing, vice president of Advanced Missile Systems. "We're leveraging decades of experience across four kill vehicle programs and vast tactical weapon expertise across every domain and mission area to meet this critical need."
As part of the $9,775,608 contract awarded in August 2015, Raytheon will define an operational MOKV concept. The MOKV will destroy several objects by utilizing advanced sensor, divert and attitude control and communication technologies.
Design work on Raytheon's MOKV concept is occurring in the Advanced Missile System's product line, an industry-leading technology and innovation hub. Current Raytheon-built kill vehicles are built in the world-class, one-of-a-kind Space Factory, which has been called a national asset. Between the Standard Missile-3 and Exoatmospheric Kill Vehicle programs, Raytheon has achieved more than 30 intercepts in space - far more than any other company.

Two fast patrol boats of the new generation of "Raptor" will be part of the Russian Navy

November 16, 2015 - Two patrol boats of the new generation of "Raptor" (Project 03160), completing a series of 8 units built now "Pella" (St. Petersburg) for the Navy (Navy) Russia, after the factory running and state tests to the end of November will the Navy. The last of these was launched on November 14 this year
Patrol boats "Raptor" designed to perform in the light and the dark problems of delivering marine units of about 20 people and provide them as fast landing.
Boats can effectively perform the functions of incurring duty in designated areas of maritime, interception and detention of sea targets, operations to rescue people in areas incurring duty.
"Raptor" is also capable of performing the task of defending points-based ships (ships) from the attacks of small surface, air and ground purposes in vulnerable raids.
Patrol boats "Raptor" to perform tasks in the near sea area at a distance of 100 nautical miles from the basing points. Equally boats of this project can be effectively used in the offshore and in the areas of straits, estuaries.

Shipwright School Commissioned as INS Vishwakarma

Indian Navy
November 14, 2015 - Shipwright School, a premier technical establishment and alma-mater for Naval Architect Officers, Shipwright Officers and Shipwright Sailors of the Indian Navy, was commissioned as Indian Naval Ship Vishwakarma by Admiral RK Dhowan, PVSM, AVSM, YSM, ADC, Chief of the Naval Staff, at a formal ceremony held today, 14 November 15 at Visakhapatnam. Vice Admiral Satish Soni, Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Naval Command, Vice Admiral Sunil Lanba, Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Southern Naval Command, senior naval officers and dignitaries from the local administration were present on the occasion.
The event commenced with an impressive parade which was reviewed by the Chief of Naval Staff. Thereafter, Commodore Ajay Ghule, Commanding Officer (Designate) read out the Commissioning Warrant. The ceremony was solemnised by recitation of an invocation in Sanskrit.
Smt Payal Soni, wife of Vice Admiral Satish Soni, unveiled the Commissioning Plaque and named the training establishment as ‘INS Vishwakarma’. This was followed by hoisting of the Naval Ensign and playing of the National Anthem, in accordance with the time honoured customs and traditions of the Indian Navy.
While addressing the gathering Admiral Dhowan emphasised that the commissioning of INS Vishwakarma would enhance the Navy’s in-house design and maintenance capabilities. This would go a long way in transforming the Indian Navy to a designer’s and builder’s Navy in keeping with the “Make in India” vision. The Admiral also highlighted Navy’s commitment and resolve for Make in India’. He stated that today, the Indian Navy has technologically advanced warships, which have been designed in house by the Navy’s own Warship Design Organisation and constructed by several Indian shipyards. He further added that commissioning of INS Vishwakarma would enhance professionalism of young officers and sailors who would train here to become warship designers and hull maintenance technicians of the future. He also lauded the functioning of training establishments under the Southern Naval Command and the impetus Navy lays on training of its personnel. The administrative support provided by the Eastern Naval Command to the training establishment also came in for appreciation. The Admiral also emphasised that quality professional training is the bedrock on which our warships, submarines and aircraft are able to effectively carry out their onerous tasks. The Admiral also exhorted the officers and sailors, who would be passing-out from the portals of INS Vishwakarma to strive for excellence in their professional fields and take the Navy to even greater heights.

Complex to Replace City Shipyard

The photo shows an image of the Ba Son Shipyard which will be moved out for the construction of the Sai Gon – Ba Son complex in District 1 of HCM City. The HCM City People's Committee has approved the detailed master plan for this 26ha urban complex.—VNA/VNS Photo Hoang Hai

Ho Chi Minh City November 23, 2015 (VNS) — The HCM City People's Committee has approved the detailed master plan for the Sai Gon – Ba Son complex in District 1 to be developed by the Ministry of Defence-owned Ba Son Corporation.
The 26-hectare complex, to be built along the Sai Gon River in Ben Nghe Ward, will include public construction, greenery, housing, commercial-office space, culture-amusement areas, and technical and transport infrastructure that can meet the living and working needs of nearly 11,000 people.
Over 142,000sq.m will be earmarked for 63 villas, apartments, and malls; 110,000sq.m for offices; and 11,000sq.m for hotels.
Over 52,000sq.m will be designated for public construction, parks mostly along the Sai Gon, and transportation and other infrastructure.
The complex will have buildings with two to 50 storeys overlooking the Sai Gon River.
There will be 14 roads with a total length of 4km, access to Ba Son metro station, a dyke system along the river and Thi Nghe Canal with a master plan to cope with flooding.
The workshops and Ba Son Shipyard that exist at the place will be moved out though around 6,000sq.m have been earmarked for preserving the shipyard's historical relics. 

Lockheed Martin Collaborates with Harley-Davidson on One-of-a-Kind Motorcycle

Lockheed Martub

Milwaukee November 19, 2015 - To commemorate the commissioning of the USS Milwaukee, our nation's fifth Littoral Combat Ship (LCS), Lockheed Martin has collaborated with Harley-Davidson on a one-of-a-kind motorcycle to honor the U.S. Navy and the city of Milwaukee.
"We wanted to do something special for the occasion and support the families of our military men and women who sacrifice so much to protect our freedoms," said Stephanie C. Hill, Lockheed Martin vice president of Ship & Aviation Systems. "We're excited to collaborate with Milwaukee's own Harley-Davidson, a company that has been fulfilling dreams of personal freedom for over 100 years."
The motorcycle will be on display during USS Milwaukee Commissioning week, followed by appearance at U.S. Navy, industry and STEM events over the next year, culminating with a charity auction to support the National Military Family Association (NMFA).
"We are honored to be a part of this one-of-a-kind endeavor," said NMFA Executive Director, Joyce Wessel Raezer. "Both Lockheed Martin and Harley-Davidson have been such wonderful supporters of the military and their families, and we couldn't be happier to be a part of this commemoration."
Harley-Davidson Chief Stylist Ray Drea designed the motorcycle, drawing inspiration from touring the Fincantieri Marinette Marine Corp. shipyard in Marinette, Wisconsin, where the Lockheed Martin-led industry team builds the Freedom-variant LCS. The design also honors historic WWII-era Harley-Davidson motorcycles to model some of the authentic Navy and military custom details.
The fifth U.S. Navy vessel to bear the name Milwaukee, the ship will transit to its homeport in San Diego, California, where it will be integrated into the fleet and the industry-Navy team will conduct additional program testing and crew training before she begins her first deployment.

£1.3Bn contract awarded for latest attack submarine

November 19, 2015 - A £1.3 billion contract to build the latest Astute Class attack submarine for the Royal Navy has been awarded by the Ministry of Defence.
Both time and money are being saved on the building of Anson, the Royal Navy’s fifth Astute submarine. Savings of £50 million for the taxpayer have been achieved during negotiations with BAE Systems, and the agreed build time is to date the shortest ever for the Astute Class, with a current schedule some nine months ahead of that for Boat 3 (Artful).
Defence Minister Philip Dunne made the announcement as he visited the home of the UK’s submarine manufacturing industry based in Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria and viewed progress already made on the new submarine.
BAE Systems employs more than 7,600 people in its Submarines business, which includes those that work on the Astute programme, with thousands more working in the 400 suppliers across the UK submarine supply chain.

Defence Minister Philip Dunne said, "This £1.3 billion contract marks an important step in the progress of the Astute programme. This is a key part of our £166 billion plan to ensure that our armed forces have the equipment they need to defend the UK’s interests across the seas, in the skies and on land, both at home and abroad.
"This new contract for Anson not only provides significant financial savings of £50 million to the taxpayer but also secures thousands of jobs in Barrow and across the UK supply chain, demonstrating the Government’s commitment to increase defence spending each year for the rest of the decade."

Director Submarines at the MOD’s Defence Equipment and Support organisation, Rear Admiral Mike Wareham, said, "The Astute Class provides the Royal Navy with the most technologically advanced submarines, offering much greater firepower, better communications, and more advanced stealth technology than their predecessors.
"The first two of class, HMS Astute and HMS Ambush, are already in service and making a vital contribution to the defence of UK’s interest, both at home and overseas. Third of class Artful is undergoing sea trials and is due to be handed over to the Royal Navy by the end of 2015."
Featuring the latest nuclear-powered technology, the Astute class can circumnavigate the world submerged, manufacturing the crew’s oxygen from seawater as they go.
They also have the ability to operate covertly and remain undetected in almost all circumstances despite being 50 per cent bigger than the Royal Navy’s current Trafalgar Class submarines.

On his visit, Mr Dunne was also able to see the progress being made on Barrow’s £300 million infrastructure upgrade programme, which is due to be completed by 2022. This will prepare the site for investment in a new fleet of four Successor Ballistic Missile submarines and the renewal of Britain’s nuclear deterrent.

Research and Markets: Global Amphibious Landing Craft Market to Reach USD 10 Billion in Revenue by 2020

Dublin November 26, 2015 - Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Global Amphibious Landing Craft Market 2016-2020" report to their offering.
The market is witnessing an increase in the global seaborne trade totaling over 9 million tons in 2014. This continuous growth in seaborne trade stresses the need for governments across the world to raise their maritime security budgets. The market research analysts predict the global amphibious landing craft market to reach more than USD 10 billion in revenues by 2020.
According to the report, there is an increase in the demand for landing craft because of their wide application in civil and military forces. Among end-users, military forces account for 80% of the market, with civil users accounting for the remaining share. Landing craft provide a number of benefits in military operations, such as in the transportation of armored vehicles and troops, as well as the carrying out of humanitarian missions and relief work. There has been an increased utilization of large amphibious ships in military operations.

Defence Minister Hands Over ‘Maareech –Advanced Torpedo Defence System’ to Indian Navy


November 14, 2015 - The Defence Minister Shri Manohar Parrikar today dedicated to the nation the Seakeeping and Manoeuvring Basin (SMB) during a function held at Naval Science and Technological Laboratory (NSTL), Visakhapatnam, in the august presence of Chief  of  Naval Staff Admiral RK Dhowan and  Secretary, Department of Defence R&D and Director General, DRDO,  Dr S Christopher. The Minister also handed over the Maareech - Advanced Torpedo Defence System developed by DRDO to the Navy Chief.
SMB facility is one of its kind in the country, set up as a joint effort of DRDO and Indian Navy. The facility puts India among the few nations in the world having the capability to undertake comprehensive hydrodynamic model testing of naval platforms and weapon systems. SMB would help to design and build state-of-the-art naval combatants such as submarines, ships, torpedoes, etc.
Maareech, a joint project of Naval Physical and Oceanographic Laboratory (NPOL), Kochi and NSTL, Visakhapatnam is a state-of-the-art indigenous system for torpedo detection and countermeasures. This system offers a complete solution to detect and locate the incoming torpedo and to apply countermeasures to protect naval platform against torpedo attack. Two production grade Maareech systems have been developed and user evaluation trials completed onboard two Indian Navy ships.
Complementing the vital role of DRDO towards self-reliance and promoting the Make in India efforts, the Defence Minister said the development of complex system - Maareech is an excellent model of synergy between DRDO, Indian Navy, public and private industries, demonstrating yet another milestone in Make in India program.
Later the Defence Minister gave away the prestigious DRDO National awards to DRDO Scientists across the country for their significant contributions and achievements made towards development of various weapon systems and technologies.
The landmark function was attended by Member of Parliament Dr K Hari Babu and MLA Shri P Vishnu Kumar Raju along with a large number of officers of the DRDO and Armed Forces, members of the academia, civil administration and other invitees.

Portsmouth Prepares for Dredging

Strekker, the crane barge, which is removing debris from the dredge site. Copyright Boskalis Westminister Ltd. All rights reserved.
Strekker, the crane barge, which is removing debris from the dredge site. Copyright Boskalis Westminster Ltd. All rights reserved.
In June, the Defence Infrastructure Organization (DIO) announced it had awarded a contract worth £31 million to Fareham based Boskalis Westminster Ltd for work to ready the harbour for the ships.
While the dredging vessel is not due to start its activity until next month, a crane barge, known as Strekker has already begun removing debris from the dredge site which could cause an obstruction.
The carriers will be significantly larger than any ships that currently use Portsmouth Harbour so Boskalis Westminster Ltd will dredge the approach channel, inner harbour area and berth pocket, making them deep and wide enough for the new ships.

In total around 3 million cubic metres of clay, sand and gravel will be removed from the harbour by the trailing suction hopper and backhoe dredgers.
The dredge will meet stringent environmental requirements set out in the marine licence and take into account the local marine and coastal environment, without impacting on the existing operations at HMNB Portsmouth.
DIO project manager Paul Simmonds said, "DIO is working with Boskalis Westminster and the navy to deliver the infrastructure needed to support the arrival of the Queen Elizabeth Carriers. This initial work is important to ensure that dredging activity can start."
Captain Iain Greenlees, Head of Infrastructure at the naval base, said, "The start of the preparatory dredging works marks another important milestone in delivering a naval base that’s ready to support the new aircraft carriers. We are working hard to ensure the naval base is ready to receive the carriers by the end of next year."
The dredge is part of a program of work by DIO to prepare for the arrival of the carriers, which also includes rebuilding the Middle Slip Jetty.

Successfully completed mooring and sea trials tug factory Special Project 16609 "Bottlenose Dolphin"

November 16, 2015 - In the near future will begin to work on the acceptance of the State Commission tug. After passing the state tests tug will transfer to the customer and put into operation in the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation.
The vessel is designed for towing and special operations in areas corresponding to the navigation area R2 (swimming in the sea areas with the distance from a place of refuge not more than 100 miles).

Technical parameters:

  • Length overall 28.8 m
  • Breadth 9.5 m
  • Draft 4.3 m
  • Speed OK. 12 knots
  • Traction force on gake 47 tons
  • Character Class KM    Arc4 R2 Aut1 FF3 WS Tug classification RS
  • Propulsion systems RMC US 205/3625 FP company Rolls-Royce, FPP in the head
  • Power 2h1500 kW, 1600 r / min, Cat 3512B
  • Deck equipment:
  • bow anchor, towing, mooring winch with a pulling force Fluidmecanica 10 m., and the holding force on the brake 1383 kN;
  • towing hook 47 tonnes SWL with quick returns.
  • In tow is also mounted crane - manipulator type HM 6/3 S, Fluidmecanica, load capacity 910 kg Reach 6 m.

For fire fighting vessel is equipped with fire-extinguishing system of external production company FFS (capacity 800 m3 / h, 2 water and foam monitor system water curtains).
03160 has a body length of about 17 m, width - 4 m, speed - 50 knots. The design of the interior of the boat allows the transfer of troops to the sea of ??up to 20 people. Depending on the task, it can be the marines, troops, rescue workers. The on-board weapons "Raptor" includes: a universal remote-controlled combat module 14.5mm and two 7.62 mm machine gun at swivel units.

Republic of Korea - UGM-84L Harpoon Block II Missiles

Washington November 18, 2015 - The State Department has made a determination approving a possible Foreign Military Sale to the Republic of Korea for UGM-84L Harpoon Block II missiles and associated equipment, parts and logistical support for an estimated cost of $110 million. The Defense Security Cooperation Agency delivered the required certification notifying Congress of this possible sale on November 17, 2015.
The Republic of Korea (ROK) has requested a possible sale of:

Major Defense Equipment (MDE):
Nineteen (19) UGM-84L Harpoon Block II All-Up-Round Missiles
Thirteen (13) Block II upgrade kits

Also included are containers; Guidance Control Units (GCU) spares; recertification and reconfiguration support; spare and repair parts; tools and tool sets; support equipment; personnel training and training equipment; publication and technical data; U.S. Government and contractor engineering and logistical support services; and other related elements of logistics support. The estimated value of MDE is $100 million. The total estimated value is $110 million.
This proposed sale will contribute to the foreign policy and national security objectives of the United States by meeting the legitimate security and defense needs of an ally and partner nation. The ROK is one of the major political and economic powers in East Asia and the Western Pacific and a key partner of the United States in ensuring peace and stability in that region. It is vital to the U.S. interest to assist our South Korean ally in developing and maintaining a strong and ready self-defense capability.
The ROK intends to use the Harpoon Block II missiles to supplement its existing Harpoon missile capability. The acquisition of the Harpoon Block II missiles and support will supplement current weapon inventories and bring the ROK Navy's Anti-Surface Warfare performance up to existing regional baselines. The proposed sale will provide a defensive capability while enhancing interoperability with the United States and other allied forces. Sub-launched Harpoon missiles have been used by the ROK since the 1990s. The ROK will have no difficulty absorbing these additional missiles into its armed forces.
The proposed sale of this equipment and support will not alter the basic military balance in the region.
The prime contractor will be the Boeing Company in St. Louis, Missouri. There are no known offset agreements proposed in connection with this potential sale.
Implementation of this proposal sale will not require any additional U.S. government or U.S. contractor personnel in Korea. However, U.S. Government or contractor personnel in-country visits will be required on a temporary basis in conjunction with program technical oversight and support requirements.
There will be no adverse impact on United States defense readiness as a result of this proposed sale.
This notice of a potential sale is required by law and does not mean the sale has been concluded.

Continental Maritime of San Diego Recognized for Environmental Stewardship

Newport News November 12, 2015 - Huntington Ingalls Industries announced today that its Continental Maritime of San Diego subsidiary was awarded the Blue Sky Award by San Diego County’s Air Pollution Control District for its longstanding initiatives to reduce air pollution.
The APCD annually recognizes one small, one medium and one large business or organization for their efforts in improving air quality. CMSD was nominated by the Industrial Environmental Association in the medium-sized business category.
“As a master ship repair facility fixing Navy warships in one of the most environmentally sensitive and highly regulated regions of the country, I am grateful for the commitment CMSD has made since day one of our operations,” said Dewey Youngerman, CMSD’s environmental health and safety manager. “This year the Air Pollution Control District and the Industrial Environmental Association looked at CMSD’s 29 years of environmental history, millions of pounds of greenhouse gas reductions and our sustainability initiatives to make a public statement that we are doing the right things for the industry and the community.”
Earlier this year, CMSD purchased two point-of-use electric steam boilers that eliminate 84,000 pounds of greenhouse gases annually. Since 1986, the company has made equipment upgrades and pursued new sustainability initiatives to remove more than 13 million pounds of greenhouse gases each year.

Keel For Future USS Thomas Hudner (DDG 116) Authenticated
Bath ME November 17, 2015 - The keel of the future USS Thomas Hudner (DDG 116) was authenticated during a ceremony at the Bath Iron Works (BIW) shipyard Nov. 16.
The ship's keel was authenticated by Ms. Barbara Miller, wife of the former superintendent of the Naval Academy, Vice Adm. Michael Miller. The authenticator etched her initials into the keel plate to symbolically recognize the joining of modular components and the ceremonial beginning of the ship.
"We are very honored to have the namesake of DDG 116, Capt. Hudner and his family, here to witness this milestone ceremony," said Capt. Mark Vandroff, DDG 51 class program manager, Program Executive Office (PEO) Ships. "These ships serve as a lasting reminder of the courage, leadership and intellectual contribution of the very best that the Navy-Marine Corps team has had to offer."
Medal of Honor recipient, Thomas Hudner, crash landed his plane in 1950 in an attempt to save the life of his wingman who was shot down by Chinese ground troops at the battle of Chosin Reservoir during the Korean War.
DDG 116 is the second of two Arleigh Burke class destroyers currently under construction at BIW. DDG 115, the future USS Rafael Peralta, was launched at BIW Nov. 1.
As a Flight IIA ship, Thomas Hudner will be equipped with the Navy's Aegis Combat System, the world's foremost integrated naval weapon system. This system delivers quick reaction time, high firepower and increased electronic countermeasures capability for Anti-Air Warfare. Arleigh Burke ships enable power projection, forward presence, and escort operations at sea in support of Low Intensity Conflict/Coastal and Littoral Offshore Warfare as well as open ocean conflict.
DDG 116 started fabrication Feb. 15, 2013, and will join the fleet in 2017 where she will serve as an integral player in global maritime security, engaging in air, undersea, surface, strike and ballistic missile defense.
As one of the Defense Department's largest acquisition organizations, PEO Ships is responsible for executing the development and procurement of all destroyers, amphibious ships, special mission and support ships and special warfare craft.

Sunday, November 29, 2015

RN Parliamentary Questions Answered

Strategic RORO Ships Usage Data

Out of the many FOI requests that are published there are sometimes ones that are very interesting. This one provides the number of times the ‘Point Class’ Strategic RORO ships are used.

At £30m operating costs per year, for all of them, the usage data is detailed in this table.

Although it might not look like a lot, the service provides assured access to shipping at a relatively low cost.

Obviously they are not the same type of ship with completely different roles, the Bay class LPD(R) cost about £10m each per year, by way of comparison,

US Coast Guard Senior Appointments

R 241158Z NOV 15
UNCLAS //N01321//
ALCOAST 449/15
1. The Coast Guard’s senior leadership assignments are listed below.
      A. Headquarters Staff:
VCG     Vice Commandant                     VADM C.D. MICHEL
DCMS    Deputy Commandant for Mission       VADM S.L. STOSZ
DCO     Deputy Commandant for Operations    TBD
VCG-S Special Assistant to the Vice       RADM M.B. LYTLE
VCG-S Special Assistant to the Vice      RDML F.S. PELKOWSKI
VCG-S Special Assistant to the Vice      RDML(s) A.S. MCKINLEY
CG-00H  Director, Civil Rights Directorate  MS. T.A. DICKERSON
CG-00J  Chief Administrative Law Judge      HON. W.J. BRUDZINSKI
CG-092  Director of Governmental and        RDML(s) A.J. VOGT
                Public Affairs
CG-092D Deputy Director of Governmental     MS. E. ENGLEMAN CONNERS
                and Public Affairs
CG-094  Judge Advocate General and          RDML S.J. ANDERSEN
                Chief Counsel
CG-094D Deputy Judge Advocate General       MR. C.M. LEDERER
                and Deputy Chief Counsel
CG-094A Assistant Judge Advocate General   MR. E.J. NESTOR
          For Acquisition and Litigation
CGIS    Director, CG Investigative          MR. M. BERKOW
CG-1    Assistant Commandant for Human      RDML W.G. KELLY
CG-11   Director of Health, Safety          RADM E.G. SCHWARTZ
                And Work-life
CG-12   Director of Civilian Human          MR. C.B. ODOM
                Resources, Diversity, and
CG-13   Director of Reserve and Military     RADM K.B. HINRICHS
                Personnel Policy
CG-2    Assistant Commandant for            RDML(s) R. P. HAYES
                Intelligence and Criminal
CG-2D   Deputy Assistant Commandant for     MR. D.S. BUTLER
                Intelligence and Criminal
CG-2SA  Strategic Advisor to Assistant      TDB
                Commandant for Intelligence
                and Criminal Investigations
CG-4    Assistant Commandant for            RADM B.D. BAFFER
                Engineering and Logistics
CG-4D   Deputy Assistant Commandant for     MR. A. CURRY
                Engineering and Logistics
CG-DCMS-D  Deputy for Mission Support   RADM T.W. JONES            
CG-DCO-D  Deputy for Operations Policy and  RADM L.L. FAGAN
CG-DCO-I Director of International Affairs  MS. K.L. SEYBOLT
               and Foreign Policy Advisor
CG-5R   Assistant Commandant for Response   RDML P.J. BROWN 
CG-5RI  Director of Incident Management     TBD
               and Preparedness Policy
CG-5P   Assistant Commandant for            RDML P.F. THOMAS
               Prevention Policy
CG-5PS  Director of Commercial Regulations  MR. J.G. LANTZ
               and Standards
CG-5PW  Director of Marine Transportation   MR. G.C. RASICOT
CG-6    Assistant Commandant for C4IT and   RDML K.E. LUNDAY 
               Commander, CGCYBERCOM
CG-6D   Deputy Assistant Commandant C4IT    MR. T.P. MICHELLI
CG-7    Assistant Commandant for            RDML J.P. NADEAU 
CG-8    Assistant Commandant for Resources  RDML(s) A.J. TIONGSON
               and CFO
CG-8D   Deputy Assistant Commandant for     MR. C.A. BENNETT
CG-8C   Director of Financial Operations/   MR. M.A. ROSE
CG-9    Assistant Commandant for            RDML J.M. VOJVODICH
CG-91   Senior Procurement Executive and    TBD
               Head of Contracting Activity
CG-92   Deputy Assistant Commandant for     TBD
               Acquisition and Director Of
               Acquisition Services
CG-93   Director of Acquisition Programs    RDML M. J. HAYCOCK
               and Program Executive Officer
      B. Headquarters Units:
CGA     Superintendent, USCG Academy        RADM J.E. RENDON
PSC     Commander, Personnel Service Center RDML(s) M.T. BELL
FC      Commander, Force Readiness Command  RDML D.G. THROOP
FC-D    Deputy Commander, Force Readiness   DR. G. BRIGNONI
DOL     Director of Operational Logistics   RDML J.M. HEINZ
NPFC    Director, National Pollution Funds  MR. W.R. GRAWE
      C. Liaisons:
DHS     DHS Military Advisor to the        RDML J.M. NUNAN
POTUS Senior Director for Response Policy, RDML P.W. GAUTIER
              National Security Council Staff
       D. Area Staffs/Area Units:
Atlantic Area Commander                     TBD
Atlantic Area Deputy                        RADM J.A. SERVIDIO
First District Commander                    RADM S.D. POULIN
Fifth District Commander                    RDML M.L. AUSTIN
Seventh District Commander                  RDML S.A. BUSCHMAN
Eighth District Commander                   RADM D.R. CALLAHAN
Ninth District Commander                    RDML J.E. RYAN
Pacific Area Commander                      TBD
Pacific Area Deputy                         RDML P. DEQUATTRO 
Eleventh District Commander                 RDML T.A. SOKALZUK
Thirteenth District Commander               RADM M.E. BUTT
Fourteenth District Commander               RADM V.B. ATKINS
Seventeenth District Commander              RDML M.F. MCALLISTER
      E. DoD Commands:
Deputy J3 U.S. Northern Command             RDML(s) M. BERT
J3 U.S. Southern Command                    RADM D.B. ABEL
J7 U.S. Cyber Command                       RDML(s) D.M. DERMANELIAN
Director, JIATF South                       RADM C.J. TOMNEY
Director, JIATF West                        RDML K.M. SMITH
2. The remaining senior leadership assignments will be announced via sepcor.
3. VADM C. D. Michel, Vice Commandant, sends.
4. Internet release authorized.

Wisconsin-Built Fairbanks Morse Engines Power the USS Milwaukee

Beloit WI November 20, 2015 - The people of Fairbanks Morse Engine in Beloit have their own reasons to be proud of the USS Milwaukee (LCS 5), the United States Navy’s newest littoral combat ship, which was built in Marinette, Wis. and is being commissioned in Milwaukee on Saturday, Nov. 21.
“It’s very special to have contributed to this ship which was built in our home state and bears the name of our state’s largest city”
Fairbanks Morse employees built the two large diesel engines that are part of the main propulsion system of the ship. The two Fairbanks Morse Colt-Pielstick 16-cylinder engines combine to deliver 17,380 horsepower – more power than the engines in 40 semi-truck tractors. With a displacement of 325 liters per engine, these are some of the largest diesel engines built in North America.
Fairbanks Morse, an EnPro Industries Company, also provided the propulsion engines for the first two Wisconsin-built Freedom-Class littoral combat ships, USS Freedom (LCS 1) and USS Fort Worth (LCS 3).
The 389-foot-long-USS Milwaukee normally operates with a crew of 54 and is capable of speeds up to 45 knots. Littoral combat ships are built to operate close to shore and to quickly switch from one combat mode to another by changing out different mission modules such as anti-mine or anti-submarine equipment.
“It’s very special to have contributed to this ship which was built in our home state and bears the name of our state’s largest city,” said Fairbanks Morse President Marvin Riley. “This is another chapter in our proud history of service to the United States Navy. Fairbanks Morse Engine has supplied the Navy with battle-tested diesel engines for marine propulsion and ship service for more than 70 years. Our engines continue to deliver power for the Navy’s most critical ships operating in the most extreme conditions.”

Russia’s approach to ISIL: the hidden benefit of evil

Many Western observers relate ISIL (Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant) with the resurrection of medieval barbarians. But it could actually be more usefully compared with revolutionary movements of the past, notably the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. ISIL shares with the Bolsheviks the peculiar “internationalism” that implies it could absorb people regardless of ethnicity, race or place of origin. Paradoxically, this aspect of ISIL has had positive implications for Russia.
ISIL continues terrorising populations, worsening crises in Syria and Iraq.
It has served to stimulate the disintegration of Russia’s homegrown Islamists’ resistance with many members moving to the Middle East, reducing the internal threat. Moreover, it has provided Moscow with the opportunity to engage in the Middle East where – despite the Kremlin’s proclamations – its interests are only indirectly related to the fight against ISIL.
ISIL and Russian plans for the Middle East
Like the Bolsheviks, ISIL is actually anti-statist – one of the most important aspects of the revolutionary ideology. Neither built a state as it is usually understood: a structure with a strict hierarchal bureaucracy, defined geopolitical interests and, in most cases, a desire to be a part of a concert of powers. With the Bolsheviks, this came much later, after the victories in the civil war. In the early years of the revolution, the Bolsheviks were in a millenarian mood, much as we see among members of ISIL. They wanted a worldwide revolution and the creation of a worldwide utopian “republic of workers and peasants”, living in harmony and free from oppression. ISIL members, too, are not planning to create a “normal” state as it is usually understood. They do not see the ISIL state as a model of any of the present states, and their invocations of the caliphate or the early “first caliphate” are mostly a sham. Their political and social-economic models are the product of modernity more than of medieval texts. In this way they resemble past revolutionaries who also appealed to historical examples. The French Revolutionaries exalted the traditions of ancient Greece and Rome , the Bolsheviks lauded the virtues of the French Revolution. Yet the French revolutionaries were not ancient Romans, nor were the Bolsheviks French revolutionaries.
View of the Kremlin from the Moskva River.
Another essential aspects of the ISIL ideology and practice is not just the appeal to the global caliphate as the point of omega but also what Bolsheviks called “internationalism”. The Bolsheviks, of course, appealed to the creeds of Marxism, while their explicit major creed was the famous slogan “Proletariat of all countries unite!” This theory implied the discarding of nationalism as a “bourgeois” ideology that separates the proletariat from each other and prevents them from being united for the final Armageddon of class struggle leading to “communism” and transcending human history.
As a matter of fact, “communism” implied a leap in different dimensions. This could also be said about the jihadists of ISIL. Their protagonists proclaim that there are no ethnic divisions, or to be precise, that ethnic/origin divisions are meaningless. Their appeal to early Islam has grounds, for the premodern people did not have a sense of ethnicity/race. Still, even in early Islam, the original backbone of Islam was basically Arab. The strong emphasis on “internationalism” –the complete disregard of ethnic background and even a sort of predisposition to foreigners – is in many ways modern, or at least has a modern spin. The Bolsheviks also welcomed foreigners.
What is the implication of this approach to Russia and how has this shaped Putin’s policy?
Outsourcing jihadists
The exodus of foreigners to ISIL-controlled territory has implications for the global community. As is the case with those who joined revolutionary movements in the past – including the Bolsheviks – there are a variety of motivations and reasons. Their numbers are considerable, from several hundred to several thousand a month. A few thousand are from the former Soviet Union. Several hundred are from Muslim Central Asia. Possibly several hundred have come from Muslim enclaves in the Russian heartland –– Tatarstan and Bashkiria. Still, the majority clearly is from the Russian North Caucasus, mainly Chechnya. And this benefits the Kremlin considerably, relieving it from the troubles that plagued both Yeltsin and Putin throughout most of post-Soviet history. Moreover, this exodus has provided Putin with the opportunity to engage in the Syrian venture without fear of possible repercussions. To understand this, one should review the history of the Kremlin’s dealing with the North Caucasus.
Iraqi security forces hold an Islamist State flag which they pulled down at the University of Anbar, in Anbar province July 26, 2015. Iraqi security forces entered the University of Anbar in the western city of Ramadi on Sunday and clashed with Islamic State militants inside the compound, the joint operations command said in a statement. © Reuters
The collapse of the Soviet Union stirred many minorities in the Russian Federation. Still, only in the Russian North Caucasus did the conflict take a violent turn. The first Chechen War (1994-1996) was carried out under nationalistic slogans. The Chechens were supported – directly or indirectly – by the United Stated and Turkey (the latter had quite a large Chechen diaspora). Yet, Chechen nationalism did not resonate with the numerous other ethnicities of the Caucasus and beyond. Chechens were able to achieve independence – if not de jure at least de facto – when Moscow was compelled to sign the humiliating Khasavyurt Accord in August 1996. However, neither side was satisfied with the results and, in 1999, a second Chechen war flared up. By that time, Putin understood that he would not be able to subdue Chechnya by force or, at least, that this would be a costly enterprise – so he adopted different tactics. He installed the Kadyrov clan as viceroys in Chechnya, giving them almost free reign and huge subsidies.
After 25 years, war in the Russian North Caucasus appears to have come to an end. While there is still the possibility that some jihadists return to Russia, a mass return is unlikely. 
Putin’s new policies undermined the position of Chechen nationalism as an ideology of fighting. This led Dokka Umarov, the leader of the virtual Chechen state to proclaim an “emirate” in 2007, discarding Chechen nationalism and advocating Islamic “internationalism”. This approach worked, at least in the short run, attracting to Umarov’s side Muslims from all over the North Caucasus and beyond. But over time, “internationalism” increasingly became a liability for the “emirate” with growing numbers of North Caucasian fighters deciding to fight jihad –
The dissolution of the Soviet Union was formally enacted on December 26, 1991.
their version of worldwide revolution – in the Middle East. This exodus increased under Umarov’s successor, Aliaskhab Kebekov. In parallel, the Kremlin conducted a continuous and relentless drive against “emirate” forces. Following the killing of Kebekov in 2015, as well as his successor, Magomed Suleimanov, who was on the job for only a few months, no new leader of the “emirate” was installed. This signified the disintegration of the North Caucasian resistance as a cohesive force and the number of terrorist attacks in the area and beyond fell sharply. After 25 years, war in the Russian North Caucasus appears to have come to an end. While there is still the possibility that some jihadists return to Russia, a mass return is unlikely.
Kremlin action in Syria and its implications
Russian President Vladimir Putin (R) and Syrian President Bashar al-Assad enter a hall during a meeting at the Kremlin in Moscow, Russia, October 20, 2015. Assad made a surprise visit to Moscow on Tuesday evening to thank Putin for launching air strikes against Islamist militants in Syria. © Reuters
The freedom from jihadist worries at home provides Putin with a free hand to engage in Syrian ventures. This is why one should take his public proclamations about Russia’s active involvement in the Syrian crisis with a grain of salt: This action is not being taken out of fear of ISIL; as outlined above, ISIL has paradoxically helped Putin by destroying the North Caucasian resistance as an organised force. Rather, Russia wants to demonstrate its arrival and relevance in the Middle East. It is a message sent not just to the United States but to a much broader audience, signaling to both the Arabs in the Middle East and to Israel that – at a time when Washington’s allies in the region are concerned that the United States appears to be wavering – Moscow could be a good back-up.
The second important aspect of the Syrian venture is the implicit appeal to Europe to readmit Russia to the West. Putin’s critics often present him as a hard-core, even irrational, Russian nationalist who wants to expand the empire at all costs and is bound for confrontation with the West, no matter the cost. This is hardly the case. Putin and the Russian elite, whose interests he represents, don’t really want to separate from Europe in a Cold War fashion – this would require a considerable sacrifice from the Russian elite and middle class. Putin’s imperial expectations are also rather limited – even in Ukraine, where Russia did not openly invade and send its armies to Kiev as many predicted. Not only would empire require considerable economic investment but western expansion would antagonise Europe and move it closer to the United States. Even Putin's increasing flirtation with China and Iran reflects a desire to show the West that Moscow has other options and is not a manifestation of a single-minded drive to embrace Asia and cut all ties with the West. Becoming closer to the West, mostly Europe, is still one of Putin's major goals – this should be taken into account when observing Putin’s actions in Syria. By engaging in Syria, Putin is trying to demonstrate to Europe that Russia could be a leading force in saving Europe and Western civilisation from the threat of violent and extremist Islamism – and that Moscow should therefore not be ostracised.
What are the practical implications for these actions? On the one hand, being basically free from fear of Islamic insurrection at home and, in many ways, benefiting from ISIL as a magnet for Russian-born extremists, Moscow is confident enough to stay in the Middle East for a long time and be assured that its interests in the region are respected. On the other, Moscow is not bound for a Cold War confrontation with any existing power and would be happy to cooperate with any powers that respect its interests. Still, one should remember that while Moscow and other capitals have their own plans in the Middle East, the actual configuration of events could be quite unexpected.

Why patrolling the Black Sea just got more dangerous

Successor submarine program: the facts

Successor is the replacement program for the Royal Navy’s Trident missile Vanguard Class submarines which form the UK’s nuclear deterrent.
The continuous at sea deterrence (CASD) has provided the United Kingdom’s ultimate security insurance policy every day for the last 46 years.
Since 1992 the 4 boats of the Vanguard Class have maintained CASD, ensuring at all times one submarine was deployed. As the Vanguard submarines reach the end of their lifespan, the UK is looking at the next generation of submarines to carry forward the vital role.

Guidance Successor submarine program: fact sheet Published 24 November 2015
  • Contents
  • Government and parliament
  • Context
  • Continuous at sea deterrence
  • Successor
  • The Trident missile
  • Current costs
  • Future costs
  • Jobs
  • Scotland
  • Obligations to the Non-Proliferation Treaty
  • Glossary
  • Government and parliament
  • the protection and defence of the United Kingdom is the primary responsibility of Her Majesty’s Government
  • the government is committed to maintaining minimum continuous at sea deterrence to deter the most extreme threats to the UK and to protect our vital interests; it was elected in May 2015 on a clear manifesto to build 4 Successor submarines
  • Parliament has voted twice in support of the government’s plans, once in March 2007 and again in January 2015
  • the government has considered alternative systems but concluded a ‘4 boat system’ is the most cost effective way to deliver continuous deterrence, see the Trident alternatives review
  • the UK’s independent nuclear deterrent remains essential to our securityour independent nuclear deterrent exists to deter the most extreme threats to our national security and way of life, helping to guarantee our security and that of our allies
  • since the end of the Cold War there remain substantial nuclear arsenals in the world; the number of nuclear armed states has increased and potential adversaries are modernising their conventional and nuclear forces; there remains the continuing risk of the further proliferation of nuclear weapons
  • recent changes in the international security context remind us that we cannot relax our guard and we cannot rule out further shifts which would put us and our NATO allies, under grave threat; it would be irresponsible to assume that the UK will not in the foreseeable future be confronted with the kinds of extreme threat to our security or way of life which nuclear weapons seek to deter
  • continued retention of our independent nuclear deterrent is required to deter any aggressor; a minimum, credible, independent nuclear deterrent, based on continuous at sea deterrence, and assigned to NATO, remains vital; we are therefore making the necessary investment to sustain continuous at sea deterrence by building four new nuclear armed submarines, a “Successor” class, to replace the current 4 Vanguard class submarines
  • how the government will meet this commitment is set out in the Strategic Defence and Security Review (SDSR)
Continuous at sea deterrence
  • the United Kingdom has been protected 24 hours a day by the continuous at sea deterrence (CASD) known as Operation Relentless, since April 1969
  • CASD is a minimal, credible and independent deterrence against aggression towards the United Kingdom
  • the nuclear deterrent’s command and control system is fully independent; decision making and use of the system remains entirely sovereign to the UK
  • the UK has declared our nuclear deterrent to the defence of the NATO Alliance since 1962, thereby contributing to the ultimate guarantee of collective Euro-Atlantic security
  • 4 Resolution Class submarines operated between 1969 and 1992 and carried the Polaris nuclear missile system
  • 4 Vanguard Class submarines became operational from 1992 and are due to continue serving until the 2030s; they carry the Trident nuclear missile system
  • 4 submarines in the class guarantee that one is deployed operationally at any given time

Successor is the British programme to replace the 4 Vanguard submarines which have provided the continuous at sea deterrence since 1992 with 4 new submarines that will be built in the UK
the 4 Successor submarines will be introduced, on current plans from the 2030s onwards and have a lifespan of at least 30 years

The Trident missile

the Successor submarines will carry the Trident Missile System; Successor will be armed with existing Trident missile stocks which will not need replacing until the 2040s
Current costs

sustaining the nuclear deterrent in-service currently accounts for around 6% of the annual defence budget, equivalent to 0.13% of total government spending
Future costs

our latest estimate is that manufacturing the 4 Successor submarines is likely to cost a total of £31 billion (including inflation over the lifetime of the programme); we will also set a contingency of £10 billion

this is a prudent estimate based on past experience of large, complex projects, such as the 2012 Olympics


maintaining and sustaining the UK’s nuclear deterrent supports over 30,000 UK jobs and makes a significant contribution to the UK economy

  • Successor’s base at HMNB Clyde is one of the biggest employment sites in Scotland by 2020 Scotland will be home to all of the Royal Navy’s submarines
  • 6,800 military and civilian personnel are employed at the base bringing significant local commerce; this will rise to 8,200 by 2022
Obligations to the Non-Proliferation Treaty
  • as a recognised nuclear weapon state, the United Kingdom takes its international obligations to the NPT very seriously
  • the UK has reduced its nuclear forces by well over 50% since the end of the Cold War
  • the Successor programme will not add to the number of nuclear warheads in service
  • the UK holds less than 1% of the world’s total nuclear warhead stockpile
Term Definition
Ballistic missile A long range missile
CASD see, continuous at sea deterrence
Cold War The period of political and military tension between 1945 and 1991
continuous at sea deterrence The uninterrupted deployment of the UK’s nuclear deterrent at sea on board a submarine 365 days a year
deterrent A measure taken by a state to prevent hostile action by another state
4 boat system The method of rotating four submarines to ensure one is always operationally deployed
HMNB Clyde Her Majesty’s Naval Base Clyde is the Royal Navy’s submarine base at Faslane, Scotland
manifesto A public declaration of policy and aims issued before an election by a political party
NPT see Nuclear Proliferation Treaty
Nuclear Proliferation Treaty International treaty of which the UK is a member whose objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons, promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament
nuclear weapon state A recognised nation that holds nuclear weapons
Operation Relentless The operation name given to the UK’s continuous at sea deterrence
Polaris Missile The original nuclear missile system carried by Resolution Class submarines from 1969 until the 1990s
Resolution Class The first class of 4 submarines that carried the UK’s continuous at sea deterrence
SDSR The Strategic Defence and Security Review
Successor The name of the programme to build a new class of submarines to carry the UK’s Trident nuclear missile system
SSBN A submarine armed with nuclear weapons (ship, submersible, ballistic, nuclear)
Trident Missile System The nuclear missile system carried by Vanguard Class submarines
Vanguard Class The present day class of 4 submarines that carry the UK’s continuous at sea deterrence
Warhead The nuclear explosive head of a missile